Anegada Island Iguana, Cyclura pinguis
October 2010

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TAXONOMY, NOMENCLATURE, PHYLOGENY
(Cracraft & Donoghue 2004) (de Queiroz 1987) (Estes 1983) (Frost et al 2001) (Hedges et al 1992) (Hollingsworth 2004) (ITIS 2010) (Lazell 2005) (Macey et al 1997) (Malone et al 2000) (Norell and de Queiroz 1991) (Pregill 1981) (Wiens & Hollingsworth 2000)

Describer (Date): Harlan 1825 for Cyclura; Barbour 1917 for Cyclura pinguis

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Reptilia
             Order: Squamata (lizards and snakes)
                Family: Iguanidae (fleshy-tongued lizards)
                       Genus: Cyclura - 10 species of ground iguanas (ITIS 2010)
                                  Species: Cyclura carinata - Turks and Caicos Ground Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura collei - Jamaican Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura cornuta - Rhinoceros Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura cychlura - Northern Bahamian Rock Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura lewisi - Grand Cayman iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura nigerrima - Navassa Island Ground Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura nubila - Cayman Islands Ground Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura pinguis - Anegada Island Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura rileyi - White Cay ground Iguana
                                  Species: Cyclura stejnegeri - Mona Ground Iguana
                                      
Taxonomic History and Nomenclature

Phylogeny

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Bradley & Gerber 2005) (Malone & Davis 2004)
(Pregill 1981) (Wiens & Hollingsworth 2000)
 
Central America Map

Anegada Island Iguana distribution map. Click on map for detailed inset.

Adapted from www.d-maps.com: Central America - Coasts States.


Distribution
Habitat:

 

 



PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Etheridge 1964) (Lazell 2005) (Mitchell 2000b)

Body Weight:up to 10.4 kg (23 lb); one of largest species of Cyclura (Lazell 2005)
Body Length: 560 mm (1.8 ft.) snout to vent for male; 468 mm (1.5 ft.) for female
Tail Length: about 600 mm (2.0 ft.)

General
Sexual Dimorphism Other Physical Characteristics

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Alberts et al 2002) (Auffenberg 1982) (Carpenter 1982)
(Dugan & Wiewandt 1982) (Goodman 2007) (Iverson 1979, 1982) (Martins & Lamont 1998) (Mitchell 1999, 2000a,b) (Perry & Gerber 2006)

Activity Cycle

Territory/Range Size (Mitchell 2000b) Territorial Behavior Aggression (Carpenter 1982)

Communication

      Chemical Communication

       Displays

      Vocalizations Locomotion Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Alberts et al 2004) (Auffenberg 1982) (Etheridge 1964) (Iverson 1982) (Mitchell 2000b)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Alberts et al 1997) (Bradley & Gerber 2005) (Carey 1975) (de Fraipont et al 1996) (Dugan & Wiewandt 1982) (Gerber Unpublished) (Lemm et al 2005) (Mitchell 2000b
(Perry et al 2007)

Courtship (Lemm et al 2005)
Nesting Incubation Life Stages
      Eggs
      Hatchlings       Young       Adults Longevity Mortality

MANAGED CARE
(Alberts et al 2007) (Gerber 2004) (Lemm et al 2005)
(Stamps & Swaisgood 2007)



POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(Alberts et al 2002) (Binns 2003 2009) (Bradley & Gerber 2005) (Gerber 2004) (Goodyear & Lazell 1994) (Hudson et al 1994) (Hudson & Alberts 2004) (IUCN 2004) (Perry & Mitchell 2003) (Perry & Gerber 2006) (U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1999)

Population Status
Conservation Threats to survival (Mitchell 2000b) (Lemm et al 2005)
Important Web Resources:

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