California Condor
Gymnogyps californianus

October 2009

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California condor

TAXONOMY, NOMENCLATURE and PHYLOGENY
(Emslie 1988) (Ericson et al. 2006) (Geyer et al. 1993)(Hackett et al. 2008) (Houston 1994) (Miller 1995) (Sibley & Ahlquist 1990) (Tree of Life Web Project 2009)

Describer (Date): Shaw (1797) Vultur californianus in Shaw and Nodder's Naturalist's Miscellany, vol 9, pl. 301 and text. Amadon (1977) retained Gymnogyps. [Vultur]

Kingdom: Animal
   Class: Aves
        Order: Accipitriformes (proposed order for hawks, eagles, vultures, osprey, secretary bird)
            Family: Cathartidae (New World vultures)
                Genus: Gymnogyps
                     Species: Gymnogyps californianus
            Family: Sagittariidae (Secretarybird)
            Family: Accipitiridae (Hawks, Eagles, Old World vultures)
            Family: Pandionidae (Osprey)
        Order: Falconiformes (proposed only for falcons)
            Family: Falconidae

Taxonomy

Common Names: Originally called "California Vulture"

Phylogeny

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Guthrie 1993, 1998) (Snyder 1989) (Toone & Wallace, 1994)

California Condor Distribution
Adapted from www.d-maps.com
according to IUCN fact sheet
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN).


Distribution


Habitat



PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Koford 1953) (Palmer 1988)

General Molt

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Koford 1953) (Palmer 1988) (Snyder & Snyder 2000)

Activity Cycle

        Daily Pattern Social Group

        General
Territorial Behavior Communication

        Displays         Vocalization Locomotion Flight Thermoregulation Interspecies Interaction


DIET & FEEDING
(Collins et al. 1999) (Fox-Dobbs et al. 2006) (Koford 1953) (Palmer 1988)

Diet Water

REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Koford 1953) (Palmer 1988 )(Kuehler et al. 1991) (Snyder & Snyder 2000)

Nesting Egg Laying Life Stages

        Nestlings         Juvenile: 18 weeks to 2 years         Immature: 2 - 4 years.         Subadults: 4 - 6 years         Adults Longevity: 45 years National Zoo; probably 20 years in the wild


MANAGED CARE
(Palmer 1988) (Toone & Risser 1988)


POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(Rideout 2012) (Snyder 1989) (Toone & Wallace 1994) (Wilbur 1978)


Status

History of Conservation Efforts

Factors leading to near-extinction (Palmer 1988) (Wilbur & Jackson 1983) (Rideout et al. 2012)

WEB RESOURCES
  • Arizona Game and Fish: California Condor Recovery -- species and recovery information, current population
  • The Birds of North America: California Condor -- species profile
  • San Diego Zoo Global: California Condor Conservation -- blog, news, recovery programs, classroom, report sightings
  • California Condors Gymnogyps californianus in Monterey County -- article by Don Roberson, with photographs
  • IUCN Red List: Gymnogyps californianus -- fact sheet, bibliography, distribution map
  • National Park Service: Pinnacles Condor Program -- program information, links
  • The Peregrine Fund: California Condor Restoration -- fact sheet, project history, population and release data in Arizona and Utah
  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service: California Condor -- species profile, links to conservation documents
  • Ventana Wildlife Society: California Condor Reintroduction -- information, threats, reintroduction in Big Sur, California; real-time wild condor viewing on the Condor Cam

  • © 2009 San Diego Zoo Global. Minor update April 2013. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

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