Domestic Donkey & African Wild Ass
May 2009

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TAXONOMY & NOMENCLATURE
(Agusti & Anton 2005) (Beja-Pereira et al 2004) (Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 2003) (Churcher 1982) (Clutton-Brock 1999)
(Forstén 1988, 1989) (Froehlich 2002) (Groves 1986, 1995, 2002) (Groves & Ryder 2000)
(Grubb 2005) (Hooker 2008) (Moehlman 2002) (Rossel et al 2008) (Steiner & Ryder 2011) (Weinstock et al 2005)


Describer (Date): Equus asinus: Linneaus 1758. Syst. Nat., 10th edition, 1:73.
                           Equus africanus
: Heuglin & Fitzinger 1866.

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Mammalia
             Order: Perissodactyla (horses, tapirs, rhinos)
                Suborder: Hippomorpha (horse-like mammals)
                    Family: Equidae (wild and domestic horses, donkeys, kiang, onager, zebras, extinct quagga)
                           Genus: Equus
                                  Species: Equus asinus - domestic donkey (or burro, or ass)

                                  Species: Equus africanus - African Wild Ass
                                         Subspecies: Equus africanus africanus - Nubian Wild Ass - Critically Endangered
                                         Subspecies: Equus africanus somaliensis - Somali Wild Ass - Critically Endangered

                                  Species: Equus hemionus - Asian Wild ass or onager (plus 6 subspecies)
                                  Species: Equus kiang - Tibetan Wild Ass
                                  Species: Equus quagga - Extinct Quagga
                                  Species: Equus zebra - Mountain or Hartmann's Zebra
                                  Species: Equus grevyi - Grevy's Zebra
                                  Species: Equus burchelli - Plains or Burchelli's Zebra
                                  Species: Equus ferus - Wild horse
                                      Subspecies: Equus ferus Przewalskii - Prezwalski's Wild Horse
                                  Species: Equus caballus - domestic horse

Taxonomic History and Nomenclature Evolutionary History Cultural History

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Clutton-Brock 1981) (Forstén 1988)
(IUCN Red List 2008) (Nowak 1999) (Starkey & Starkey 1997)

Distribution
Habitat:

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Bennett 1980) (Grinder et al 2006) (Moehlman 1998) (Nowak 1999)


Body Weight: 275 kg (606 lb)
Head/Body Length: 200 cm (6.6 ft)
Tail Length: 42 cm (17 in)
Shoulder Height: 125 -145 cm (4.2-5.5 ft)

Note: Domestic breeds vary in height at shoulder: 80-150 cm (2.6-4.9 ft)

General

Pelage Sexual Dimorphism Other Physical Characteristics

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Browning & Scheifele 2001) (Groves 1974) (Klingel 1990, 1998)
(McDonnell 2003) (Moehlman 1998) (Nowak 1999)


Activity Cycle Territory Size
Social Groups       Hierarchy Territorial Behavior Aggression Play Communication

      Displays
     Vocalization      Olfaction/Scent Marking
Locomotion
Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Choshniak et al 1989) (Groves 1974) (Klingel 1990) (Lamoot et al 2004) (Moehlman 2002)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Clutton-Brock 1992) (Grinder et al 2006) (Klingel 1990, 1998)
(Moehlman 1998, 2002) (Nowak 1999)

Courtship
Reproduction Gestation Life Stages
      Birth
Infant (< 1 year old) Adult Longevity Mortality

MANAGED CARE
(Clutton-Brock 1981, 1999) (Moehlman 2002) (Starkey & Starkey 1997) (Yang et al 2004)


POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(IUCN Red List 2008) (Grinder et al 2006) (Groves 2002) (Starkey & Starkey 1997)

Population Status
Conservation Threats to survival (Equus africanus) (IUCN Red List 2008)
Important Web Resources:

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