Gharial, Gavialis gangeticus
November 2008

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TAXONOMY & NOMENCLATURE
(Brochu, 2003) (Gatesy & Amato, 1992)
(Grenard, 1991) (Hua & Jouve 2004) (King & Burke, 1989) (St. John et al., 2012)

Describer (Date): (Gmelin 1789), original name Lacerta gangetica

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Reptilia
             Order: Crocodylia
                   Family: Alligatoridae (alligators and caimans)

                   Family: Crocodylidae (crocodiles and false gharials)
                           Genus: Crocodylus (crocodiles)
                           Genus: Tomistominae (false gharials)

                   Family: Gavialidae (gharials)
                           Genus: Gavialis
                                  Species: Gavialis gangeticus
                                        Subspecies: None

Taxonomy Nomenclature Phylogeny

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Maskey et al., 1995)(Singh, 1991)(Whitaker & Basu, 1982)





Distribution



Habitat:






PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Grenard, 1991) (Juensgst & Ahern, 2002)
(Ross, 1989) (Whitaker & Whitaker, 2003)

Body Weight: Average: 159 - 181 kg (350 - 400 lbs), but largest individuals may approach weight of saltwater crocs at 680 kg (1,500 lbs) (Juengst & Ahern, 2002)
Body Length: Males 4 - 4.5 m (13 - 15 ft ), up to 6 m (19.7 ft). Females 3.5 - 4 m (11.5 - 13 ft).
Snout: Length is 3 1/3 to 5 1/2 times as long as it is broad at the base.

General
Body scales
Sexual Dimorphism
Bulbus nose of a male gharial
Other Physical Characteristics

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Grenard, 1991)(Rao & Singh, 1993)
(Ross, 1989) (Whitaker & Basu, 1982)

Activity Cycle Thermoregulation Social Behavior

      General        Territorial Behavior        Aggression Communication

      Displays      Vocalizations Locomotion Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Thorbjarnarson, 1990) (Whitaker & Basu, 1982)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Bustard, 1980a) (Grenard, 1991) (Martin & Bellairs, 1977)
(Ross, 1989) (Whitaker & Basu, 1982)

Courtship/Reproduction Nesting Life Stages

      Eggs       Hatchlings       Adults Longevity (Whitaker, 1982) Mortality

MANAGED CARE
(Boyer, 2001) (Bustard, 1980c)


POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(Bustard, 1980b) (Choudhury, 1998) (Choudhury et al 2007) (Ross, 1998)
(Whitaker & Basu, 1982) (Whitaker, 1975) (Whitaker, 2007) (Whitaker & Whitaker, 2003)

Population Status Conservation Threats to survival
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