Guanaco, Lama guanicoe
March 2009

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TAXONOMY & NOMENCLATURE
(Marin et al, 2008) (Gonzalez et al, 2006) (Kadwell et al, 2001)

Describer (Date): Muller (1776) p. 50, Suppl - Patagonia

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Mammalia
             Order: Artiodactyla* (Even-toed hoofed animals: includes pigs, sheep goats, cattle, deer)
                  Family: Camelidae
                       Genus: Camelus (Asia and Arabia)
                            Species: Camelus dromedarius (one-humped dromedary)
                            Species: Camelus ferus (two-humped Bactrian)
                       Genus: Lama (South America)
                            Species: Lama vicugna (vicuna)
                            Species: Lama guanacoe (guanaco)

*New anatomical and DNA evidence on the relationship between Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates) and Cetacea (whales and dolphins) recently led to a merging of the two orders into a new group, Cetartiodactyla (Montgelard, 1997; reviewed in Kulemzina, 2009). As of October 2012, experts had not agreed on whether to define Cetartiodactyla as an official taxonomic order that would replace Artiodactyla and Cetacea. Some continue to list guanaco in the order Artiodactyla (Franklin, 2011) or use the term Cetartiodactyla without defining it as an order (IUCN, 2008).


Taxonomic History and Nomenclature

Phylogeny

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Dinerstein, 1995) (Gonzalez, 2006) (IUCN, 2009) (Baigún et al, 2007)

Distribution

Guanaco distribution.
Adapted from www.d-maps.com
according to IUCN fact sheet
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)

 

 

 

Habitat:

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Fowler, 1998) (Klingel, 1990) (Gonzalez, 2006)

Body Weight: 175 -265 lbs (80-120 kg)
Body Length: 5.1 – 6.6 ft (153 – 200 cm)
Shoulder Height: 3.6 -3.8 ft  (110 – 115 cm)
Tail Length:
9”-10”  (22cm – 25cm)

General
Pelage Sexual Dimorphism Other Physical Characteristics

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Franklin & Herre, 1990) (Gonzalez et al 2006) (Young & Franklin, 2004) (Ortega & Franklin 1995)
(Puig & Videla, 1995) (Fowler 1998)


Activity Cycle (Torres del Paine National Park, Chile)
Social Groups

Territory/Home Range Aggression Communication

      Displays
Visual Signs Vocalization Olfaction/Scent Marking
Locomotion
Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Gonzalez, et al 2006) (Fowler 1998)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Gonzalez, et al 2006) (Franklin, 1982)(Fowler 1998)

Courtship Reproduction Gestation

Parturition

Life Stages
      Birth
Neonates Infant (< 1 year old) Yearlings Adult Longevity

MANAGED CARE
(Kleiman, 1996)


POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(IUCN, 2009) (Raedeke 1979)

Population Status Conservation Threats to survival

Conservation Efforts


Important Web Resources:

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