Komodo Dragon, Varanus komodoensis
1998

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Wan: c.1983-2001


TAXONOMY & NOMENCLATURE
(Ciofi 2004) (Green & King 1991) (Molnar 2004) (Molnar & Pianka 2004) (IBL Reptile Database 1997) (Zug 1993)

Describer (Date): P.A. Ouwens (1912) On a large Varanus species from the island of Komodo. Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg. 2(6):1-3. Earliest official mention by H. Zollinger (1850). Verslag van eene reis naar Bima en Sumbawa en naar eenige plaatsen op Celebes, Saleyer en Flores gedurende de maanden Mei tot December, 1847. Vehl. Batav. Gennotschap. 23:10-22.

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
         Class: Reptilia
            Subclass: Diapsida (Crocodiles, tuataras, lizards, snakes)
                 Order: Squamata (lizards, snakes and amphisbaenians or "worm-lizards")
                    Suborder: Sauria (Lacertilia)
                         Infraorder: Autarchoglossa
                             Family: Varanidae
                                 Genus: Varanus (50+ recognized species)
                                     Species: V. komodoensis

Taxonomy Common Names Phylogeny

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Auffenberg 1981) (CBSG 1995) (Fitch et al 2006)







PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Auffenberg, 1981) (Ciofi 2004) (De Lisle, 1996) (King & Green, 1993) (Fry et al. 2006) (Fry et al. 2009)
Coloration Olfaction Vision Hearing Respiration Circulation Water/Salt Balance

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Auffenberg, 1978, 1981)(Bennett,1998) (Burden, 1927) (Lange, 1989) (Lutz & Lutz, 1991)


Activity Cycle

        Daily Pattern Range (Auffenberg, 1981) Locomotion Digging Rubbing Thermoregulation Communication

        General         Territorial Behavior         Displays / Visual signals:         Vocalizations         Olfactory signals Ethogram (=behavior inventory):  See Auffenberg (1981: 124-127), The Komodo Monitor

Interspecies Interaction (Auffenberg, 1981)

DIET & FEEDING
(Auffenberg, 1980, 1981) ( (Burden, 1927) (Fry et al. 2006)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Auffenberg, 1981)(IUCN/SSC CBSG, 1994)(Judd & Bacon, 1977)
Courtship Nesting Development
MANAGED CARE
(Hudson, et al 1994) (Lange, 1989)

POPULATON AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(CBSG, 1995) (Hudson, et al, 1994)
Conservation Efforts Threats to Survival
© 1998 San Diego Zoo Global. Minor updates in 2012. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

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