Kookaburra, Dacelo sp.
May 2012

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TAXONOMY & HISTORY
(Boles 1997) (Fry et al.1992) (ITIS 2011) (Legge 2004) (Mayr 2005) (Moyle 2006) (Reed 1998) (Robinson 2005) (Sibley & Ahlquist 1990) (Smith 2011) (Woodall 2001)

Describer (Date): Herman 1783 for laughing kookaburra

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Aves
             Order: Coraciiformes (kingfishers, hoopoes, bee-eaters, hornbills, rollers)
                   Family: Alcedinidae (kingfishers in three subfamilies with some 90 species)
                       Subfamily: Cerylinae (water kingfishers)
                       Subfamily: Alcedinae (river kingfishers)
                       Subfamily: Halcyonine (tree kingfishers)
                           Genus: Dacelo
                                  Species: Dacelo gaudichaud (rufous-bellied kookaburra)
                                  Species: Dacelo tyro (spangled kookaburra)
                                  Species: Dacelo leachii (blue-winged kookaburra)
                                  Species: Dacelo novaeguineae (laughing kookaburra)
                                        Subspecies: D. n. minor
                                        Subspecies: D. n. novaeguineae


Taxonomic History and Nomenclature Evolutionary History Cultural History

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Blakers et al. 1984) (Cooper et al. 2008) (Fletcher 1907) (Fry et al. 1992) (Legge 2000a,b,c, 2004) (Troup 2009) (Woodall 2001)



Distribution

 

Habitat: (Woodall 2001)

 

 

 

 



PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Buttermer et al. 2003) (Eastman 1970) (Fry et al. 1992) (Higgins 1999) (Moroney & Pettigrew 1987) (Myers 1996) (Parry 1970) (Woodall 2001)


Body Weight: Male: 196-450 g (6.9-15.9 oz) (Woodall 2001)
Female: 190-465 g (6.7-16.4 oz) (Woodall 2001)

Body Length (Head + Tail): 41-45 cm (16.1-17.7 in) (Myers 1996)


General

Sexual Dimorphism Other Physical Characteristics

Kookaburras have very long and heavy bills,
almost the same length as their heads.



BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Baker 2004) (Buttemer et al. 2003) (Cooper et al. 2008) (Geiser et al. 2006) (Higgins 1999) (Keast 1985) (Legge 2000c, 2004) (Legge & Cockburn 2000) (Moloney et al. 2002) (Parry 1970) (Schodde & Tideman 1997) (Zanette & Jenkins 2000):

Social behavior Activity Cycle (Cooper et al. 2008) Territory/Range Size Territorial Behavior Aggression Communication

      Displays      Vocalizations         
Locomotion Dispersal and Migration Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Eastman 1970) (Fry et al. 1992) (Giles 1994) (Legge 2004) (Moroney & Pettigrew 1987) (Ralph & Ralph 1973) (Woodall 2001)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Eastman 1970) (Emlen & Wrenge 1991) (Ford 1985) (Foreshaw & Cooper 1983) (Fry et al. 1992) (Hobbs 1966) (Legge 2000abc, 2004) (Myers 1996) (Parry 1968, 1970,1973) (Smith 1976) (Woodall 2001)

Mating System

Courtship (Legge 2004)

Kookaburra parents make their nests in small tree
hollows. These nests may be used for many years.

Nesting Egg Laying/Incubation (Legge 2000a,b,c 2004) Life Stages

Young kookaburras begin to laugh at 6 weeks of age
and have perfected it by 3 months.

     Nestlings (Legge 2004)       Young       Adults Longevity Mortality

MANAGED CARE
(Giles 1994) (Smith 1977) (Wexler 2012)



POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(BirdLife International 2012) (IUCN Redlist 2011) (Moloney et al. 2002)

Population Status Conservation Threats to survival
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