Mangshan Pit Viper, Protobothrops mangshanensis
May 2011

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TAXONOMY & HISTORY
(Campbell & Brodie 1992) (Ernst & Zug 1996) (Gardner & Ciffeli 1999) (Gumprecht & Tillack 2004) (Guo et al. 2007) (Orlov et al. 2009) (McDiarmid et al 1999) (Parkinson et al. 2002) (Quijada-Mascareñas and Wüster 2009) (Szyndlar & Rage 2002) (Weinstein et al. 2010) (Wuster et al. 2008) (Zhang 1993) (Zhao 1990)

Describer (Date): Zhao 1990 (as Trimeresurus mangshanensis)

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Reptilia
             Order: Squamata (lizards and snakes)
                Family: Viperidae (some 260 species of venomous snakes)
                    Subfamily: Crotalinae (pitvipers - around 190 species)
                           Genus: Protobothrops (10 species)
                                  Species: Protobothrops mangshanensis                                       


Taxonomic History and Nomenclature Evolutionary History

Cultural History



DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Zhao & Alder 1993) (Boyer 2010)

Mangshan pit viper distribution.
Click on map for detailed inset.

Adapted from www.d-maps.com: Asia - Coasts States.

Distribution

Habitat:

 

 



PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Boyer 2010) (Chen 1990, translated in David & Tong 1997) (Daltry et al 1996) (Daltry et al. 1997) (Gumprecht et al 2002) (Hayes et al 2002) (Mebs et al 2006) (Pough et al. 1978) (Pough & Groves 1983) (Zug 1993)

Body Weight: 3-5 kg and more (6.6-11 lb) for an adult
Body Length: up to 203 cm (up to 7 ft)


General
Sexual Dimorphism Other Physical Characteristics

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Bogert 1947) (Boyer 2010) (Duvall et al 1992) (Ernst & Zug 1996) (Lissmann 1950)

Activity Cycle Territory/Range Size
Territorial Behavior Aggression Communication

      Displays
Vocalizations Locomotion Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Chen 1990, translated in David & Tong 1997) (Daltry et al. 1997) (Green 1999) (Gumprecht et al 2002) (Hayes et al. 2002) (O'Connell et al 1982) (Pough & Groves 1983)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Boyer 2010) (Chen 1990, translated in David & Tong 1997) (David & Tong 1997) (Gumprecht et al. 2002) (Lynch 2009)
(Zug 1993)
 
Courtship
Incubation
Calligraphy

Pit vipers lay their eggs on the ground in
leaf litter.

Nesting (Gumprecht et al. 2002) Life Stages
      Eggs
(Gumprecht et al. 2002)       Hatchlings        Young       Adults Longevity Mortality

MANAGED CARE
(Boyer 2008, 2010)


POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(Boyer 2010) (IUCN Redlist 2011)

Population Status
Conservation Threats to survival (Boyer 2010)
Important Web Resources:

© 2011 San Diego Zoo Global. Last updated April 4, 2011. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.


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