Red-crowned Crane, Grus japonensis
May 2011

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Red-crowned crane and juvenile

An adult red-crowned crane with a juvenile.

Image copyright: Nancy O on Flickr



TAXONOMY & HISTORY
(Archibald & Meine 1996) (Fain et al. 2007) (HBMC 2005) (Japan Airlines 2011) (Korea Society 2005) (Krajewski & Fetzner 1994) (Krajewski et al. 2010) (Leach 1972) (Mayr 2005) (Sibley & Monroe 1990)

Describer (Date): Muller 1776

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Aves
             Order: Gruiformes
                Suborder: Grues (includes cranes, limpkins, rails, sun grebes, trumpeters) (Fain et al. 2007)
                    Family: Gruidae (15 species)
                         Subfamily: Balearicinae (2 species of crowned cranes)
                         Subfamily: Gruinae (13 species of other cranes)
                                Genus: Grus
                                       Species: Grus japonensis
                                  

Taxonomic History and Nomenclature Evolutionary History Cultural History

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Archibald & Meine 1996) (IUCN 2009)(Ma 1981) (Masatomi 1981) (Meine & Archibald 1996) (Swengel 1996a)

Distribution

Red-crowned Crane Distribution.
Adapted from www.d-maps.com
according to IUCN fact sheet
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)


Habitat

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Archibald & Meine 1996) (Britton & Hayashida 1981) (International Crane Foundation 2011) (Neufeldt 1981)

Body Weight: 7-10 kg (15-22 lb)
Height: 158 cm (5 ft)
Wing Length: 220-250 cm (7-8 ft)

General Sexual Dimorphism Other Physical Characteristics

BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Archibald 1975) (Archibald 1976) (Archibald & Meine 1996) (ICF 2011) (Jinjun & Xiuhua 1998) (Lee et al. 2007) (Ma 1981) (Meine & Archibald 1996) (Swengel 1996b)

Activity Cycle Territory/Range Size Territorial Behavior Aggression Communication

      Displays (Archibald & Meine 1996)       Vocalizations
Locomotion Dispersal and Migration Interspecies Interaction

DIET & FEEDING
(Meine & Archibald 1996) (Archibald & Meine 1996)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Archibald & Meine 1996) (Britton & Hayashida 1981) (Conn 2006) (Ma 1981) (Klenova 2007) (Ling et al. 1998)

Courtship Nesting Egg Laying Life Stages
      Eggs       Nestlings       Young       Adults       Longevity

DISEASES AND PATHOLOGY

(Archibald 1981) (Carpenter 1986) (Carpenter & Derrickson 1987) (Stroud & Duncan 1983)



MANAGED CARE
(Andronov 2011) (Kaldenberg 2003) (Mace 1988) (Swengel 1996) (Zoo New England 2011)


POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(Bird Life International 2011) (Chosunilbo 2011) (Hays 2009) (del Hoyo et al. 1996) (IUCN 2011) (Johnsgard 2008) (Swengel 1996a)

Population Status Conservation (IUCN 2011, assessed 2009)

Threats to survival (IUCN 2011)


Important Web Resources:

© 2011 San Diego Zoo Global. Last updated 04/12/11. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to mbrooks@sandiegozoo.org.


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