Takin, Budorcas taxicolor
January 2011

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Takin


TAXONOMY & HISTORY
(Carroll 1988) (Geist 1984) (Groves & Shields 1997) (Grubb 2005) (Li et al 2003) (Neas & Hoffmann 1987) (Simpson 1945)

Describer (Date): Hodgson 1850

Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
        Class: Mammalia
             Order: Artiodactyla* (Even-toed hoofed animals: includes pigs, sheep goats, cattle, deer)
                    Family: Bovidae
                           Genus: Budorcas
                                  Species: Budorcas taxicolor
                                        Subspecies: Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi (golden takin)
                                        Subspecies: Budorcas taxicolor taxicolor (Mishmi takin)
                                        Subspecies: Budorcas taxicolor tibetana (Sichuan takin)
                                        Subspecies: Budorcas taxicolor whitei (white or Bhutan takin)

*New anatomical and DNA evidence on the relationship between Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates) and Cetacea (whales and dolphins) recently led to a merging of the two orders into a new group, Cetartiodactyla (Montgelard, 1997; reviewed in Kulemzina, 2009). As of October 2012, experts had not agreed on whether to define Cetartiodactyla as an official taxonomic order that would replace Artiodactyla and Cetacea. Some continue to list takin in the order Artiodactyla (Franklin, 2011) or use the term Cetartiodactyla without defining it as an order (IUCN, 2008).

Taxonomic History and Nomenclature

Evolutionary History

DISTRIBUTION & HABITAT
(Chettri et al 2010) (Li et al 2003) (Song et al 2008)


Distribution

Takin distribution.
Adapted from www.d-maps.com
according to IUCN fact sheet
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)

 

 

 

Habitat:



PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Neas & Hoffmann 1987) (Walther 1990)

Body Weight: Male 300-350 kg (660-770 lb); Female 240-280 kg (528-616 lb)
Body Length: Male 210-220 cm (7-7.3 ft); Female 170 cm (5.6 ft)
Tail Length: 15-20 cm (6-8 in)

General

Pelage

Takin pelage
Takin horns
A takin's long shaggy coat.
Both males and females have
crescent-shaped horns.

Sexual Dimorphism

Other Physical Characteristics (Neas & Hoffmann 1987)

 

 



BEHAVIOR & ECOLOGY
(Bailey 1912) (Neas & Hoffmann 1987) (Schaller 1977, 1986) (Zeng et al 2002)


Activity Cycle Territory Size Social Groups

      General       Territorial Behavior       Aggression Play Communication

      Displays (Schaller 1977)       Vocalization       Olfaction/Scent Marking
Locomotion (Neas & Hoffmann 1987)

Migration

Interspecies Interaction



DIET & FEEDING
(Schaller et al 1986) (Song et al 2008)


REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
(Benirschke 2004) (Neas & Hoffmann 1987) (Penny 1989) (Song et al 2008) (Novak 1999)

Courtship Reproduction Gestation Life Stages
      Birth
Takin calves

Young takins can climb rocks and butt heads when they are only 2 weeks old.

      Infant (< 1 year old)       Juvenile        Adult Longevity Mortality

MANAGED CARE
(Benirschke 2004) (Castillo 1990) (Song et al 2008) (Zoonooz 1993, 2006)



POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
(Song et al 2008) (UNEP-WCMC 2011)

Population Status
Conservation (Song et al 2008)

Threats to survival


Important Web Resources:

©2011 San Diego Zoo Global. Last updated February 1, 2012. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.


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