Tree Kangaroos
Buergers' Tree Kangaroo, Dendrolagus goodfellowi buergersi
Matschie's Tree Kangaroo, Dendrolagus matschiei

April 2013

SDZ Global Logo

Buergers' Tree Kangaroo
Buergers' Tree Kangaroo
Dendrolagus goodfellowi buergersi

Image credit: Timmy Toucan from
Wikimedia Commons
, some rights reserved



TAXONOMY AND HISTORY
(Archer et al. 1999; Cuthbert 2010; Dabek 1997; Dawson 2004; Flannery et al. 1996; Groube et al. 1986; Groves 2005; ITIS 2012; Jackson & Vernes 2011; Martin 2005; McGreevey et al. 2012; Moeller 1990; Prideaux & Warburton 2008)

  • Classification according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS 2012) and Groves (2005)
  • Authority (author and date of first published description) - listed after each species below
  • Kingdom: Animalia
      Phylum: Chordata
        Subphylum: Vertebrata
          Class: Mammalia
            Subclass: Theria - marsupial and placental mammals
              Infraclass: Metatheria - marsupials
                Order: Diprotodontia - koalas, wombats, possums, and macropods (kangaroos, wallabies, etc.)
                  Suborder: Macropodiformes
                    Family: Macropodidae – kangaroos, wallabies
                      Subfamily: Macropodinae
                        Genus: Dendrolagus (Müller 1840) - tree kangaroos
                          Species: Dendrolagus bennettianus (De Vis 1887) - Bennett's tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus dorianus (Ramsay 1883) - Doria's tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus goodfellowi (Thomas 1908) - Goodfellow's tree kangaroo
                            Subpecies:
                              Dendrolagus goodfellowi buergersi (Matschie 1912) - Buergers' tree kangaroo

                            Subpecies:
                              Dendrolagus goodfellowi goodfellowi (Thomas 1908) - Goodfellow's tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus inustus (Müller 1840) - grizzled tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus lumholtzi (Collett 1884) - Lumholtz's tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus matschiei (Förster & Rothschild 1907) - Matschie's tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus mbasio (Flannery, Boeadi & Szalay 1995) - dingiso
                          Species: Dendrolagus pulcherrimus (Flannery 1993) - golden-mantled tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus scottae (Flannery & Seri 1990) - tenkile
                          Species: Dendrolagus spadix (Troughton & Le Soeuf 1936) - lowland tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus stellarum (Flannery & Seri 1990) - Seri's tree kangaroo
                          Species: Dendrolagus ursinus (Temminck 1836) - ursine tree kangaroo

    Taxonomic History and Nomenclature
    Evolutionary History Cultural History
    DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
    (Flannery 1995; Leary et al. 2008a; Martin 2005)

    Buergers' tree kangaroo distribution map
    Buergers' Tree Kangaroo
    Dendrolagus goodfellowi buergersi


    Click on map for D. goodfellowi distribution (IUCN)
    Click here for D. g. buergersi subspecies distribution
    Matschie's tree kangaroo distribution map
    Matschie's Tree Kangaroo
    Dendrolagus matschiei


    Click on map for D. matschiei distribution (IUCN)


    Distribution
    - Mid-montane areas in Central Cordillera of Papua New Guinea, typically north and east of Sepik River, from Wau in the east to Mt. Bubiari in the west
    - Between 1,000-2,860 m (3,300-9,380 ft) elevation
    - Historical range: no records
    Distribution
    - Restricted to Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea
    - Introduced populations on 2 islands off coast of New Guinea: Umboi and West New Britain (Mt. Agulupella region)
    - Historical range: no records
    Habitat
    - Mid-montane oak forest
    Habitat
    - Mid- to upper montane primary forest



    PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
    (Bush & Montali 1991; Flannery 1993; Flannery 1995; Flannery et al. 1996; Hutchins et al. 1991; Iwaniuk 1998; Martin 2005; Moeller 1990; Travis 2012; Warburton et al. 2011; Yadav 1979)

    Size (Flannery et al. 1996; Travis et al. 2012)

    Appearance (Flannery 1993; Flannery 1995; Flannery et al. 1996; Moeller 1990)

    Adaptations to Arboreal Life (Flannery et al. 1996; Iwaniuk 1998; Martin 2005; Moeller 1990; Warburton et al. 2011)

    Other Physical Characteristics



    BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY
    (Flannery 1995; Flannery et al. 1996; George 1982; Hutchins & Smith 1990; Hutchins et al. 1991; Martin 2005; Procter-Gray & Ganslosser 1986; Thompson 2000; Watson 1998; Windsor & Dagg 1971)

    Overview

    Activity Patterns (Flannery 1995; Hutchins & Smith 1991)

    Territory Size (Flannery et al. 1996; Martin 2005)

    Locomotion

    Social Behavior (Flannery et al. 1996; Hutchins et al. 1991)

    Aggression and Defense (Flannery et al. 1996; Watson 1998)

    Play (Hutchins et al. 1991; Procter-Gray & Ganslosser 1986; Watson 1998)

    Communication (Flannery et al. 1996; George 1982; Hutchins & Smith 1990)

    Other Behaviors


    DIET AND NUTRITION
    (Dabek & Betz 1998; Edwards & Ward 1998; Flannery et al. 1996; George 1982; Hide et al. 1984; Martin 2005)

    Diet

    Nutrition and Metabolism (Edwards 2001; Flannery et al 1996; Hume 1999; Travis et al. 2012)

    REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
    (Bush & Montali, 1999; Flannery et a. 1996; Heath et al. 1990; Johnson & Delean 2003; Kingston 1994; Martin 2005; Moeller 1990; North 2008; Thompson 2000)

    Timing of Breeding (Bush & Montali 1999; Flannery et al. 1996; Heath et al. 1990)
    Courtship and Mating Gestation

    Buergers' tree kangaroo with joey, San Diego Zoo

    Image credit:
    San Diego Zoo Global
    Life Stages

    Longevity (Moeller 1990; Thompson 2000) Mortality (Martin 2005)

    MANAGED CARE
    (Blessington 2011; Edwards & Ward 1998; Flannery et al. 1996; George 1982; Heath 1990; Kline 2009)

    North American Zoos Diet in Captivity (George 1982)

    Buergers' tree kangaroos at puzzle feeders

    Image credit: San Diego Zoo Global

    Behavioral enrichment

    Issues in Captivity

    POPULATION AND CONSERVATION STATUS
    (Ancrenaz et al. 2007; Flannery & Seri 1990; George 1979; Hutchins et al. 1991; Kennedy 1992; Leary et al. 2008a; Leary et al. 2008b; Martin 2005; Stabach et al. 2009; TKCP 2012)

    Population Status and Challenges Conservation Status Management actions
    Additional Web Resources:

    © 2013 San Diego Zoo Global. Last updated April 2013. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

    Return to the Fact Sheets page