Latest Zoo & Conservation News
Week ending January 8, 2012

Compiled by:
Library Staff
San Diego Zoo Global


Local news in red.


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ZOOS, AQUARIUMS, BOTANIC GARDENS, AND CONSERVATION ORGANIZATIONS

San Diego Zoo Safari Park sends four California condors to be released in Baja, California
December 23, 2011 By Helen Hawes

Full article: http://www.kpbs.org/news/2011/dec/23/california-condors-be-released-baja-california/

San Diego Zoo to provide temporary care for poisonous Mexican beaded lizard found in Rancho Bernardo
December 29, 2011

Full article: http://www.swrnn.com/2011/12/29/san-diego-zoo-welcomes-deadly-lizard/

Woman enters elephant pen at LA Zoo to pet the animals
December 29, 2011 By Joel Siegfried

Full article: http://www.examiner.com/news-analysis-in-national/woman-enters-elephant-pen-at-la-zoo-to-pet-the-animals

Orangutans ‘could video chat’ between zoos via iPads
December 29, 2011 By Dave Lee

Full article: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-16354093

Louisville Zoo’s New Year’s Eve Snooze lets young animal-lovers ring in 2012 with some wild friends
December 31, 2011 By Karent Ellestad

Full article: http://www.louisville.com/content/louisville-zoos-new-years-eve-snooze-lets-young-animal-lovers-ring-2012-some-wild-friends-fa

Thieves steal squirrel monkey from San Francisco Zoo, returned 2 days later by bystander
January 1, 2012

Full article: http://www.npr.org/2012/01/01/144536985/stolen-monkey-found-in-san-francisco

Naples Zoo increased membership almost 9% in 2011
January 2, 2012 By Tim Tetzlaff

Full article: http://www.zandavisitor.com/newsarticle-5422-Naples_Zoo_Welcomed_326,435_Guests_in_2011


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PLANTS

New botany naming conventions go into effect January 1: Latin-only descriptions no longer required
December 21, 2011

Full article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111221211332.htm

CITATION: Miller JS, et al. 2011. Outcomes of the 2011 Botanical Nomenclature Section at the XVIII International Botanical Congress. PhytoKeys 5:1-3. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.5.1850


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ANIMALS

Institute of Medicine report finds use of chimpanzees in most biomedical research to be unnecessary; NIH agrees
December 15, 2011 By Nell Greenfieldboyce

Full article: http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2011/12/15/143764694/biomedical-research-using-chimps-should-be-curtailed

New species of snub-nosed monkey discovered in Himalayas
December 17, 2011 By Quentin Wheeler

Full article: http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/dec/18/snub-nosed-monkey-burma-sneeze

After reintroduction 15 years ago, gray wolves seem to have a positive impact as large predators on Yellowstone ecosystem
December 21, 2011

Full article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111221140710.htm

CITATION: Ripple WJ, Beschta RL. 2011. Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: the first 15 years after wolf reintroduction. Biological Conservation. DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.005

Royal Veterinary College London team determines elephants have a “sixth toe”, previously thought to be cartilage
December 22, 2011 By Ed Yong

Full article: http://www.nature.com/news/how-the-elephant-got-its-sixth-toe-1.9712

CITATION: Hutchison JR, et al. From flat foot to fat foot: structure, ontogeny, function, and evolution of elephant “sixth toes”. Science 334(6063):1699-1703. DOI:10.1126/science.1211437

Record number of bird species found in San Diego County during annual Christmastime bird count
December 28, 2011 By Nathan John

Full article: http://www.kpbs.org/news/2011/dec/28/record-number-species-found-annual-bird-count/

Harbor porpoises sighted in San Francisco Bay for the first time since 1930s
December 28, 2011 By Lauren Sommer

Full article: http://www.npr.org/2011/12/28/143857342/60-years-after-leaving-porpoises-again-play-in-sf-bay

Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger
December 29, 2011

Full article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111229131234.htm

CITATION: Crockford C, et al. 2011. Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger. Current Biology. DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2011.11.053

Camera trap images reveal presence of 35 Javan rhinos in Indonesia
December 30, 2011

Full article: http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-12-cameras-rare-rhinos-indonesia.html

2011 may be “worst year ever” for elephants poached for ivory
January 1, 2012 By Bettina Wassener

Full article: http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/01/a-boom-year-for-illicit-elephant-ivory/

Dead blackbirds fall in Arkansas town for second New Year’s in a row
January 1, 2012

Full article: http://www.npr.org/2012/01/01/144549312/dead-blackbirds-fall-in-arkansas-town-again


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ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY

Large citizen-science project studying effect of carbon capture in forests wraps up after 5 years
December 29, 2011 By Priya Shetty

Full article: http://www.nature.com/news/citizen-scientists-climate-impact-survey-wraps-up-1.9697

CITATION: Gopalakrishnan R, et al. 2011. Impact of climate change on Indian forests. Current Science 101(3):348-355.


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NEW AND NOTABLE RESEARCH

Limited range of Przewalski’s horses contributed to sharp population declines during last year’s extreme winter conditions in Gobi desert
December 29, 2011

Full article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111229091634.htm

CITATION: Kaczensky P, et al. 2011. The danger of having all your eggs in one basket – winter crash of the re-introduced Przewalski’s horses in the Mongolian Gobi. PLoS ONE 6(12):e28057. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0028057

Identifying sloth species at a genetic level
January 3, 2012

Full article: http://www.biologynews.net/archives/2012/01/03/identifying_sloth_species_at_a_genetic_level.html

CITATION: Steiner CC, Houck ML, Ryder OA. 2011. Species identification and chromosome variation of captive two-toed sloths. Zoo Biology 30(6):623-635. doi:10.1002/zoo.20360


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OTHER HEADLINES

Plaza de Panama Committee's Memo of Understanding with city to plan Balboa Park renovations deemed "illegal for the time being" by San Diego judge
December 16, 2011 By Lauren Steussy and Brandi Powell

Full article: http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/local/Balboa-Park-Plans-Come-to-Screeching-Halt--135761228.html

San Diego's Balboa Park brings high-capacity Wi-Fi to the masses
January 3, 2012

Full article: http://www.sacbee.com/2012/01/03/4159256/san-diegos-balboa-park-brings.html


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US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE - FEDERAL REGISTER ANNOUNCEMENTS

Endangered Species; Receipt of Applications for Permit
December 23, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 247
Docket No. FWS-R9-IA-2011-N268; FXGO16710900000P5-123-FF09A30000

Applicant: Curt Harbsmeier, Lakeland, FL; PRT-033580
    The applicant requests renewal of their captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for radiated tortoise (Astrochelys radiata), to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Daniel Arenas, Miami, FL; PRT-60140A
    The applicant requests a captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for radiated tortoise (Astrochelys radiate) and Galapagos tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra), to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Giordi Evenson, Saint Paul, MN; PRT-60356A
    The applicant requests a captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for golden parakeet (Guarouba guarouba), to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Stephan Haller, Summerville, SC; PRT-60965A
    The applicant requests a captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for radiated tortoise (Astrochelys radiate), to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: National Institute of Health, Frederick, MD; PRT-694126
    The applicant requests renewal of a permit to import biological samples from wild, captive-held and/or captive-bred mammals for the purpose of scientific research. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Terrance Wolosek, Plover, WI; PRT-60798A
    The applicant requests a permit to import a sport-hunted trophy of one male bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus pygargus) culled from a captive herd maintained under the management program of the Republic of South Africa, for the purpose of enhancement of the survival of the species.

Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-23/pdf/2011-32876.pdf

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Recovery Permit Applications
December 27, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 248
Docket No. FWS-R6-ES-2011-N260; FXES11130600000D2-123-FF06E00000

Permit Application Number: TE-054237
    Applicant: U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Lakewood, Colorado.
    The applicant requests renewal of an existing permit to perform the following recovery activities with the following species, in conjunction with surveys and population monitoring activities throughout the range of each species in Colorado, for the purpose of enhancing the species' survival:
    Take (harass by survey) the Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei), the Mexican spotted owl (Strix occidentalis lucida), and the Southwestern willow flycatcher (Empidonax traillii extimus); and
    Take (capture, handle, and release) the greenback cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki stomias).

Permit Application Number: TE-067729
    Applicant: Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas.
    The applicant requests renewal of an existing permit to perform the following recovery activities with the following species, in conjunction with surveys and population monitoring activities throughout the range of each species in Colorado and Kansas, for the purpose of enhancing the species' survival:
    Take (capture, handle, and release) the Topeka shiner (Notropis topeka); and
    Take (collect and kill) 100 each of hatchery-reared Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius) and razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus) for prey behavior trials; and
    Take (capture, PIT tag, fin clip, and release) 100 each of hatchery-reared Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius) and razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus) to determine the use and importance of tributaries to sustaining native fish communities in the San Juan River and identify potential barriers to fish passage.

Permit Application Number: TE-069300
    Applicant: Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, Nebraska.
    The applicant requests renewal of an existing permit to take (capture, collect, tag, hold, and transport) the pallid sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus) in conjunction with surveys and population monitoring activities throughout its range in Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota, for the purpose of enhancing the species' survival.

Permit Application Number: TE-064682
    Applicant: Prairie Wildlife Research, Inc., Wellington, Colorado.
    The applicant requests renewal of an existing permit to take (harass by survey, live trap, anesthetize, tag, collect genetic materials) the black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) in conjunction with surveys and population monitoring activities throughout its entire range, including Canada and Mexico, for the purpose of enhancing the species' survival.

Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-27/pdf/2011-33081.pdf

Endangered Species Receipt of Applications for Permit
January 4, 2012
Vol. 77, No. 2
Docket No. FWS-R9-IA-2011-N275; FXGO16710900000P5-123-FF09A30000

Applicant: Hahn Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA; PRT-57058A
    The applicant requests a permit to import chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) biological samples from Guinea for the purpose of enhancement to the survival of the species. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Hahn Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA; PRT-57058A
    The applicant requests a permit to import chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) biological samples from Guinea for the purpose of enhancement to the survival of the species. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Hatada Enterprises, Inc., Irving, TX; PRT-60276A
    The applicant requests a captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for the following families and species to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.
Family:
    Bovidae
Species:
    Grevy's zebra (Equus grevyi)
    Barashingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)
    Eld's deer (Rucervus eldii)

Applicant: Zoological Society of Buffalo, Inc., Buffalo, NY; PRT-675214
   The applicant requests renewal of their captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for the following families, genus and species to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.
Families:
    Anatidae (does not include Hawaiian goose or Hawaiian duck)
    Boidae (does not include Mona boa or Puerto Rico boa)
    Bovidae
    Callithricidae
    Cathartidae
    Cebidae
    Cercopithecidae (includes Colobus)
    Chinchillidae
    Crocodylidae (does not include the American crocodile)
    Equidae
    Felidae (does not include jaguar, margay or ocelot)
    Hominidae
    Hyaenidae
    Hylobatidae
    Lemuridae
    Macropodidae
    Psittacidae (does not include thick-billed parrots)
    Rhinocerotidae
    Tapiridae
    Tragopan spp.
    Varanidae
Genus:
    Podocnemis
Species:
    Japanese giant salamander (Andrias japonicus)
    Maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)
    Brazilian three-toed sloth (Bradypus torquatus).

Applicant: Akron Zoological Park, Akron, OH; PRT-012505
    The applicant requests renewal of their captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for the following families and species to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.
Families:
    Callithricidae
    Lemuridae
    Felidae
Species:
    Lesser slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus)
    Andean condor (Vultur gryphus)
    White-naped crane (Grus vipio)
    Galapagos tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra)
    Komodo Island monitor (Varanus komodoensis)
    Rodrigues fruit bat (Pteropus rodricensis)

Applicant: Disney's Animal Kingdom, Lake Buena Vista, FL; PRT-812907
    The applicant requests renewal of their captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for the following families and species to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.
Families:
    Bovidae
    Callithricidae
    Canidae
    Cebidae
    Cercopithecidae (includes Colobus)
    Cervidae
    Equidae
    Felidae (does not include jaguar, margay or ocelot)
    Hominidae
    Hyaenidae
    Lemuridae
    Macropodidae
    Mustelidae
    Pteropodidae
    Rhinocerotidae
    Suidae
    Tapiridae
    Viverridae
    Accipitridae
    Anatidae (does not include Hawaiian goose or duck)
    Cathartidae
    Columbidae
    Falconidae
    Gruidae
    Psittacidae (does not include thick-billed parrot)
    Sturnidae (does not include Aplonis pelzelni)
    Threskiornithidae
    Boidae (does not include Mona or Puerto Rican boa)
    Crocodylidae (does not include American crocodile)
    Gekkonidae
    Iguanidae
    Testudinidae
    Varanidae
Genus:
    Tragopan
Species:
    Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).

Applicant: Topeka Zoological Park, Topeka, KS; PRT-52995A
    The applicant requests amendment to their captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) to include the Andean condor (Vultur gryphus), Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildi), black and white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata), western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), leopard (Panthera pardus), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), and Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Xiaobo Chu, San Jose, CA; PRT-62256A
    The applicant requests a captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for the radiated tortoise (Astrochelys radiata) to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Feld Entertainment Inc., Vienna, VA; PRT-702230
    The applicant requests renewal of their captive-bred wildlife registration under 50 CFR 17.21(g) for leopard (Panthera pardus) and Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), to enhance their propagation or survival. This notification covers activities to be conducted by the applicant over a 5-year period.

Applicant: Jeffrey Scott Anderson, Hastings, NE; PRT-59366A
    The applicant requests a permit to import a sport-hunted trophy of one male bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus pygargus) culled from a captive herd maintained under the management program of the Republic of South Africa, for the purpose of enhancement of the survival of the species.

Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-04/pdf/2011-33694.pdf

Endangered Species; Marine Mammals; Issuance of Permits
January 4, 2012
Vol. 77, No. 2
Docket No. FWS-R9-IA-2011-N274; FXGO16790000-123-FF09A30000
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-04/pdf/2011-33693.pdf

USFWS finds listing western glacier stonefly (Zepada glacier) in Montana as endangered to be warranted
December 19, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 243
Docket No. FWS-R6-ES-2011-0102; 4500030113
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-19/pdf/2011-32431.pdf

James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge, Honolulu County, HI; Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Finding of No Significant Impact for Environmental Assessment
December 20, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 244
Docket No. FWS-R1-R-2011-N229; 1265-0000-10137-S3
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-20/pdf/2011-32390.pdf

Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Proposed Vernal Pool Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of San Diego, CA
December 20, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 244
Docket No. FWS-R8-ES-2011-N243; FF08E00000-FXES11120800000F2-112
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-20/pdf/2011-32494.pdf

Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Proposed Maricopa Sun Solar Complex Multi-Species Habitat Conservation Plan, Kern County, CA
December 23, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 247
Docket No. FWS-R8-ES-2011-N240; FF08ESMF00-FXES11120800000F2-123
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-23/pdf/2011-32894.pdf

USFWS delisting Western Great Lakes population of gray wolves (Canis lupus)
December 28, 2011
Vol. 76, No. 249
Docket No. FWS-R3-ES-2011-0029; FXES11130900000C6-123-FF09E32000
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-28/pdf/2011-32825.pdf

USFWS finds listing Sierra Nevada red fox (Vulpes vulpes necator) as endangered or threatened may be warranted
January 3, 2012
Vol. 77, No. 1
Docket No. FWS-R8-ES-2011-0103; 4500030113
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-03/pdf/2011-33610.pdf

Golden eagles; Programmatic Take Permit Application; Draft Environmental Assessment; West Butte Wind Project, Crook and Deschutes Counties, OR
January 3, 2012
Vol. 77, No. 1
Docket No. FWS-R1-MB-2011-N245; FXMB12320100000P2-123-FF01M01000
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-03/pdf/2011-33630.pdf

Removal of the Regulation that Excludes U.S. Captive-Bred Scimitar-Horned Oryx, Addax, and Dama Gazelle from Certain Prohibitions
January 5, 2012
Vol. 77, No. 3
Docket No. FWS-R9-IA-2010-0056; FF09A30000 123 FXGO16710900000R4
Full announcement: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-05/pdf/2012-23.pdf