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L

Lackner AA, Rodriguez MH, Bush CE, Munn RJ, Kwang H-S, Moore PF, Osborn KG, Marx PA, Gardner MB, Lowenstine LJ. 1988. Distribution of a macaque immunosuppressive type D retrovirus in neural, lymphoid, and salivary tissues. Journal of Virology 62(6):2134-2142. [PDF]

Lackner AA, Rodriguez MH, Bush CE, Osborn KG, Kwang H-S, Moore PF, Lowenstine LJ, Marx PA, Hinrichs SH, Gardner MG. 1986. In situ localization of Simian AIDS retrovirus-1 (SRV-1) core antigen and RNA [abstract]. Laboratory Investigation 54(1):33A. [PDF]

LaCombe CM, Danoff-Burg J. 2013. Measuring behavior change in Bangladesh. International Zoo Educators Journal. 49: 32:35. [PDF]

Lahijani RS, Klieforth RB, Seal BS, Sutton SM, Heuschele WP. 1994. Comparison of alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AHV-1; an agent of malignant catarrhal fever) and AHV-2 by immunofluorescence wetern blot and virus-neutralization assay [abstract]. In: 43rd Annual Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association; 1994; Monterey, CA. Wildlife Disease Organization. p. 81-82.

Lahijani RS, Sutton SM, Klieforth RB, Heuschele WP. 1994. The use of PCR to assist in the diagnosis of malignant catarrhal fever. Verhandlungbericht des Internationalen Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zoo und Wildtiere 36:225-230.

Lahijani RS, Sutton SM, Klieforth RB, Heuschele WP. 1995. Identification and analysis of an alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AHV-1) cDNA clone expressing a fusion protein recognized by AHV-1 neutralizing antisera. Archives of Virology 140:547-561. [PDF]

Lahijani RS, Sutton SM, Klieforth RB, Murphy MF, Heuschele WP. 1994. Application of polymerase chain reaction to detect animals latently infected with agents of malignant catarrhal fever. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 6:403-409. [PDF]

Lahm SA. 1985. Mandrill ecology and the status of Gabon's rainforests. Primate Conservation 6:32-33. [PDF]

Lahm SA. 1986. Diet and habitat prefernce of Mandrillus sphinx in Gabon: implications of foraging strategy. American Journal of Primatology 11:9-26. [PDF]

Lake LM, Ryder OA. 1987. Conservation and organization of a highly repetitive DNA fragment in the genus Equus. Journal of Cell Biology 105(4, Pt2):240a. [PDF]

Lamberski N, Newell A, Radcliffe RW. 2004. Thirty immobilizations of captive giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) using a combination of medetomidine and ketamine. In: Baer CK (ed.), Joint Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians and the Wildlife Disease Association; 2004 Aug 28 - Sep 3. San Diego: AAZV and WDA. p. 118-120.

Lamere SA, St. Leger JA, Schrenzel MD, Anthony SJ, Rideout BA, Salomon DR. 2009. Molecular characterization of a novel gammaretrovirus in killer whales (Orcinus orca). Journal of Virology 83(24):12956-12967. doi:10.1128/JVI.01354-09 [PDF]

Lance VA. 1975. Studies on the annual reproductive cycle of the female cobra, Naja naja. I. Seasonal variation in plasma cholesterol. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A: Physiology 52(3):519-525.

Lance VA. 1976. Studies on the annual reproductive cycle of the female cobra, Naja naja. II. Seasonal variation in plasma inorganic ions. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A: Physiology 53(3):285-289.

Lance VA. 1981. The endocrine system of the alligator. In: Proceedings of the Annual Alligator Production Conference; 1981. p. 89-93.

Lance VA. 1982. Trace elements, vitamin E and glutatione peroxidase in the American alligator Alligator mississippiensis. In: Proceedings of the Annual Alligator Production Conference; 1982. p. 17-30.

Lance VA. 1984. Endocrinology of reproduction in male reptiles. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 52:357-383.

Lance VA. 1985. Reproduction in the American alligator Alligator mississippiensis. In: Lofts B, Holmes WN, eds. Current trends in comparative endocrinology. Vol. 1. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. p. 253-256.

Lance VA. 1985. Stress and gonadal steroid secretion in male alligators [abstract]. American Zoologist 25(4):116A. [PDF]

Lance V. 1987. Hormonal control of reproduction in crocodilians. In: Webb GJW, Manolis SC, Whitehead PJ, eds. Wildlife management: crocodiles and alligators. New South Wales: Surrey Beatty and Sons Pty. p. 409-415.

Lance VA. 1989. Reproductive cycle of the American alligator. American Zoologist 29(3):999-1018. [PDF]

Lance VA. 1990. Stress in reptiles. Progress in Clinical Biological Research 342:461-466.

Lance VA. 1992. Evaluating pain and stress in reptiles. In: Schaeffer DO, Kleinow JM, Krulisch L, eds. The care and use of amphibians, reptiles, and fish in research. Bethesda (MD): Scientists Center for Animal Welfare. p. 101-106. [PDF]

Lance VA. 1994. Beta-cyprinol sulfate is a major bile salt in three families of perciform fish. Hepatology 20:263A.

Lance VA. 1994. Introduction: environmental sex determinationin reptiles: patterns and processes. Journal of Experimental Zoology 270(1):1-2.

Lance VA. 1994. Life in the slow lane: hormones, stress, and the immune system in reptiles. In: Davey KG, Peter RE, Pobe SS, eds. Perspectives in comparative endocrinology. Ottowa: National Research Council of Canada. p. 529-534. [PDF]

Lance VA. 1996. Sex determination in reptiles [abstract]. American Zoologist 36:52A. [PDF]

Lance VA. 1997. Sex determination in reptiles: an update. American Zoologist 37:504-513. [PDF]

Lance VA. 2003. Reptile reproduction and endocrinology. In: Holt WV, Pickard AR, Rodger JC, Wildt DE, eds. Reproductive science and integrated conservation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 338-358. [PDF]

Lance VA, Bogart M H. 1991. Tamoxifen 'sex reverses' alligator embryos at male producing temperature, but is an antiestrogen in female hatchlings. Experientia 47:263-266. [PDF]

Lance VA, Bogart M H. 1992. Disruption of ovarian development in alligator embryos treated with an aromatase inhibitor. General and Comparative Endocrinology 86(1):59-71.

Lance VA, Bogart M H. 1994. Studies on sex determination in the American alligator Alligator mississippiensis. Journal of Experimental Zoology 270(1):79-85.

[PDF] Lance VA, Callard IP. 1978. In vivo responses of female snakes (Natrix fasciata) and female turtles (Chrysemys picta) to ovine gonadotropins (FSH and LH) as measured by plasma progesterone testosterone and estradiol levels. General and Comparative Endocrinology 35(3):295-301.

Lance VA, Conley AJ, Mapes S, Steven C, Place AR. 2003. Does alligator testis produce estradiol? A comparison of ovarian and testicular aromatase. Biology of Reproduction 69:1201-1207. [PDF]

Lance VA, Cort T, Masuoka J, Lawson R, Saltman P. 1995. Unusually high zinc concentrations in snake plasmawith observations on plasma zinc concentrations in lizards, turtles, and alligators. Journal of Zoology 235:577-585. [PDF]

Lance V, Elsey R. 1983. Selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity in blood of the nutria (Myocastor coypus): comparison with guinea-pig, rat, rabbit, and some non-mammalian vertebrates. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B: Comparative Biochemistry 75(4):563-566.

Lance VA, Elsey RM. 1999. Hormonal and metabolic responses of juvenile alligators to cold shock. Journal of Experimental Zoology 283(6):566-572.

Lance VA, Elsey RM. 1999. Plasma catecholamines and plasma corticosterone following restraint stress in juvenile alligators. Journal of Experimental Zoology 283(6):559-565.

Lance VA, Elsey RM, Butterstein G, Trosclair PL III. 2004. Rapid suppression of testosterone secretion after capture in male American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis). General and Comparative Endocrinology 135:217-222. [PDF]

Lance VA, Elsey RM, Coulson RA. 1984. Biological activity of alligator insulin in juvenile alligators [abstract]. American Zoologist 24(3):152A. [PDF]

Lance VA, Elsey RM, Coulson RA. 1993. Biological activity of alligator, avian, and mammalian insulin in juvenile alligators: plasma glucose and amino acids. General and Comparative Endocrinology 89:267-275. [PDF]

Lance VA, Elsey RM, Lang JW. 2000. Sex ratios of American alligators (Crocodylidae): Male or female biased?. Journal of Zoology 252(1):71-78. [PDF]

Lance VA, Grumbles JS, Rostal DC. 2001. Sex differences in plasma corticosterone in desert tortoises, Gopherus agassizii, during the reproductive cycle. Journal of Experimental Zoology 289:285-289. [PDF]

Lance VA, Lofts B. 1977. Studies on the annual reproductive cycle of the female cobra, Naja naja. III. In vitro ovarian steroid synthesis. General and Comparative Endocrinology 32(3):279-288.

Lance VA, Lofts B. 1978. Studies on the annual reproductive cycle of the female cobra, Naja naja. IV. Ovarian histology. Journal of Morphology 157(2):161-179.

Lance VA, Morafka DJ . 2001. Post natal lecithotroph: a new age class in the ontogeny of reptiles. Herpetological Monographs 15:124-134. [PDF]

Lance VA, Morici LA, Elsey RM. 2001. Physiology and endocrinology of stress in crocodilians. In: Grigg G, Seebacher F, Franklin CE, eds. Crocodilian biology and evolution. Chipping Norton, New South Wales: Surrey Beatty and Sons. p. 327-340.

Lance VA, Morici LA, Elsey RM, Lund ED, Place AR. 2001. Hyperlipidemia and reproductive failure in captive-reared alligators: vitamin E, vitamin A, plasma lipids, fatty acids, and steroid hormones. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 128(2):285-294.

Lance V, Owens DW, Callard IP. 1979. Radioimmunoassay of plasma progesterone testosterone total estorgens and immunoreactive gonadotropin in the nesting and non-nesting green sea turtle Chelonia mydas. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 35(8):1119-1120.

Lance VA, Patton M, Hagey LR. 2001. Identification of a series of C21O2 pregnanes from fecal extracts of a pregnant black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor). Steroids 66(12):875-881.

Lance VA, Rostal DC. 2002. The annual reproductive cycle of the male and female desert tortoise: physiology and endocrinology. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 4:203-213.

Lance VA, Valenzuela N, von Hildebrand P. 1992. A hormonal method to determine the sex of hatchling giant river turtles, Podocnemis expansa: application to endangered species research [abstract]. American Zoologist 32:16A. [PDF]

Lance VA, Vliet KA. 1987. Effect of mammalian gonadotropins on testosterone secretion in male alligators. Journal of Experimental Zoology 241(1):91-94.

Landsberg JH, Kiryu Y, Tabuchi M, Preston A, Pessier AP, et al. 2013. Co-infection by alveolate parasites and frog virus 3-like ranavirus during an amphibian larval mortality event in Florida, USA. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 105(2):89-99. doi:10.3354/dao02625

Lasley BL. 1977. Assignment of sex in newborn aardvarks,Orycteropus afer. International Zoo Yearbook 17. [PDF]

Lasley BL. 1978. Addendum to: A study of reproductive failure in a pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus). Der Zoologische Garten 48:300.

Lasley BL. 1980. Endocrine research advances in breeding endangered species. International Zoo Yearbook 20:166-170. [PDF]

Lasley BL. 1981. Monitoring the reproductive status of the okapi (Okapia johnstoni). In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference Proceedings; 1981. p. 149.

Lasley BL. 1982. Current endocrine research on zoo animals. In: AAZPA Annual Proceedings; 1982. p. 143-145. [PDF]

Lasley BL. 1985. Methods for evaluating reproductive function in exotic species. Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine 30:209-228. [PDF]

Lasley BL. 1988. Physiologic and behavioral studies of reproduction in the black lemur (Lemur macaco macaco). In: Proceedings of the World Conference on Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity; 1988 Oct 9-12; Cincinnati: Fauna and Flora Preservation Society. p. 599.

Lasley BL. 1992. Field applications of urinary and fecal steroid analyses: determination of the reproductive processes controlling population dynamics in free-reanging bison [abstract]. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference Proceedings; 1992. p. 211.

Lasley BL. 1994. Radiometric detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in tule elk of Point Reyes National Park. In: Proceedings of 43rd Annual Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association; 1994. p. 80-81.

[PDF] Lasley BL. 1997. Endocrine disruptors: what are they and how concerned should we be? In: Proceedings of the International Conference of Effects of Oil on Wildlife; 1997; Monterey (CA).

Lasley BL, Czekala NM . 1980. Monitoring ovulation in great apes; urinary immunoreactive estrogen and bioactive luteinizing hormone. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1980. p. 37-43.

Lasley BL, Czekala NM, Lindberg DG. 1985. Urinary estrogen profiles in the Lion-tailed macaque. In: Heltne PG, ed. The lion-tailed macaque: status and conservation. Monographs in Primatology. Vol. 7. New York: Alan R. Liss. p. 149-159. [PDF]

Lasley BL, Judd HL. 1978. Pathophysiology of anovulation. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 21:87-97. [PDF]

[PDF] Lasley BL, Kirkpatrick JF. 1991. Monitoring ovarian function in captive and free ranging wildlife by means of urinary and fecal steroids. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 22(1):23-31. [PDF]

Lasley BL, Kennedy JF, Robinson PT, Bogart MH, Benirschke K. 1977. A study of reproductive failure in a pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus). Der Zoologische Garten 47(3/4):289-295. [PDF]

Lasley BL, Lindburg DG, Robinson PT, Benirschke K. 1981. Captive breeding of exotic species. Journal of Zoo and Animal Medicine 12:67-73. [PDF]

Lasley BL, Loskutoff NM, Anderson GB. 1994. The limitation of conventional breeding programs and the need and promise of assisted reproduction in nondomestic species. Theriogenology 41:119-132.

Lasley BL, Stabenfeldt GH, Overstreet JW, Hanson FW, Czekala N, Munro MS. 1985. Urinary hormone levels at the time of ovulation and implantation. Fertility and Sterility 43(6):861-867. [PDF]

Lasley BL, Wing A. 1983. Stimulating ovarian function in exotic carnivores with pulses of GnRH. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference Proceedings; 1983. p. 14-15.

Lasry JE, Sheridan BW. 1965. Chagas' myocarditis and heart failure in the red uakari. International Zoo Yearbook 5:182-184. [PDF]

Lau AN, Peng L, Goto H, Chemnick L, Ryder OA, Makova KD. 2009. Horse domestication and conservation genetics of Przewalski's horse inferred from sex chromosomal and autosomal sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26(1): 199-208. [PDF]

Lau J, Alberts AC, Chemnick LG, Gerber GP, Jones KC, Mitchell AA, Ryder OA. 2009. Isolation and characterization of 23 polymorphic microsatellite loci for a West Indian iguana (Cyclura pinguis) from the British Virgin Islands. Molecular Ecology Resources: 1412-1414. [PDF]

Lau J, Fernandez-Duque E, Evans S, Dixson A, Ryder OA. 2004. Heterologous amplification and diversity of microsatellite loci in three owl monkey species (Aotus azarai, A. lemurinus, A. nancymaae). Conservation Genetics 5:727-731. [PDF]

Lauren DJ, Lance VA. 1981. Effect of salt stress on electrolyte balance and corticosterone titer in the alligator [abstract]. American Zoologist 21:913. PDF

Lauerman LH, Rideout BA, Lingsweiler S, van Santen VL, Banko P, Kuehler C. 1997. Characteristics of a palila mycoplasma isolate. In: Proceedings of the Western Poultry Disease Conference; 1997. np.

Lear TL, Houck ML, Ryder OA. 2003 Comparative cytogenetics and gene mapping in rhinoceroses [abstract]. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 102:357. [PDF]

Lear TL, Houck ML, Zhang YW, Debnar LA, Sutherland-Smith MR, Young L, Jones KL, Benirschke K. 2001. Trisomy 17 in a bonobo (Pan paniscus) and deletion of 3q in a lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): comparison with human trisomy 18 and human deletion 4q syndrome. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 95:228-233. [PDF]

Leary CJ, Jessop TS, Garcia AM, Knapp R. 2004. Steroid hormone profiles and relative body condition of calling and satellite toads : implications for proximate regulation of behavior in anurans. Behavioral Ecology 15(2):313-320. [PDF]

Lee E. 2013. Forest Guardians Curriculum. Translated and edited by Andreina Rivera Frazier, Erika Garcia, Claudia Jaramillo, Charlotte Palma,Liliana Prieto, Gustavo F. Florez Salcedo, Francisco N. Aurich Terrones, Luis Enrique Ramirez Yanez, and Samantha Young. 157 pgs. [PDF]

Lee JV, Whaling CS, Lasley BL, Marler P. 1995. Validation of an enzyme immunoassay for measurement of excreted estrogen and testosterone metabolites in the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys oriantha). Zoo Biology 14(2):97-106.

Lee, J-Y, Koi M, Stanbridge EJ, Oshimura M, Kumamoto AT, Feinberg AP. 1994. Simple purification of human chromosomes to homogeneity using muntjac hybrid cells. Nature Genetics 7:29-33.

Leigh SR, Ryder OA. 1998. Chimp research [Response to Ann Gibbons's article: "Which of our genes make us human?"]. Science 282:47.

Lemberger KY, Gondim LFP, Pessier AP, McAllister MM, Kinsel MJ. 2005. Neospora caninum in a free-ranging raccoon (Procyon lotor) with concurrent Canine Distemper Virus infection. Journal of Parasitology 91:960-961.

Lemberger KY, Manharth A, Pessier AP. 2005. Multicentric peripheral nerve sheath tumors in two related bearded dragons, Pogona vitticeps. Veterinary Pathology 42:507-510. [PDF]

Lemm JM. 1994. Captive husbandry of white-throated monitors (Varanus albigularis) at the San Diego Zoo's Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species (C.R.E.S.). Varanews 4(2/3):4-5. [PDF]

Lemm JM. 1994. Lessons from Mother Nature in keeping and breeding the Cuban iguana. The Monitor (International Reptile Breeders Association Expo). np.

Lemm JM. 1996. An Australian reptile adventure. The Keeper (Winter edition). np.

Lemm JM. 1996. Monitors on the Mesa. Zoonooz 69(6):10-15.

Lemm JM. 1997. Predation of captive reptiles in Southern California by the introduced Argentine ant, Linepithema humile. Journal of the Association of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians 7(3):4-5.

Lemm JM. 1997. Reptile dreamtime. Reptiles 5(9):32-47.

Lemm JM. 1997. Varanid research at the San Diego Zoo. Varanids 1(2):4-7. [PDF]

Lemm JM. 1998. The natural history and captive husbandry of the white-throated savanna monitor, Varanus albigularis. Reptiles 6(2):10-23.

Lemm JM. 1998. Year of the monitor. Reptiles 6(9):70-82.

Lemm JM. 1999. Ackies: the natural history and captive husbandry of the spiny-tailed monitor (Varanus acanthurus). Reptiles 7(6):48-65.

Lemm JM. 1999. Beatiful and misunderstood: The rattlesnakes of San Diego County. Zoonooz 72(6):20-23.

Lemm JM. 1999. Conservation of the Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicatissima). The Vivarium 11(2):22-25; 52. [PDF]

Lemm JM. 1999. Dwarf monitors. Reptiles USA Annual.

Lemm JM. 1999. Husbandry of the common pet trade monitor lizards. Reptiles USA Annual.

Lemm JM. 1999. In the crocodile's territory: At home with Steve Irwin - Part 1. Reptiles 7(10):10-21.

Lemm JM. 1999. In the crocodile's territory: At home with Steve Irwin - Part 2. Reptiles 7(11):24-32. [PDF]

Lemm JM. 1999. Taxon management account for the Jamaican iguana (Cyclura collei). American Zoo and Aquarium Association Lizard Advisory Group, vol. 2.

Lemm JM. 1999. Taxon management account for the White-throated savanna monitor (Varanus albigularis albigularis). American Zoo and Aquarium Association Lizard Advisory Group, vol. 2.

Lemm JM. 2000. Goannas: The biology of Varanid lizards [book review]. EINGANA: Journal of the Victorian Association of Environmental Science 23(3):26.

Lemm JM. 2001. A great deal to sing about: The wildlife of Eastern Queensland. Fauna 2(4):6-21.

Lemm JM. 2001. Der Kapwaran (Varanus albigularis): Lebensweise, Pflege und Vermehrung im Zoo von San Diego. Draco 7(2):67-75.

Lemm JM. 2001. Die häufigsten Warane im Tierhandel- Arten und Grundlagen der Haltung. Draco 7(2):20-29.

Lemm JM. 2002. Anegada's forgotten iguana. Zoonooz 75(3):20-21.

Lemm JM. 2003. The legendary Ora: Komodo dragons in the wild. Zoonooz 76(1):10-15.

Lemm JM. 2004. Iguana restraint and handling. Iguana 11(3):172-175. [PDF]

Lemm J M. 2006. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the San Diego region. Berkeley: University of California Press. 344 p.

Lemm JM. 2009. Orange-throated whiptail. In: Larson LC, Lovich RE, eds. Lizards of the American Southwest: a photographic field guide. Tuscon (AZ): Rio Nuevo Publishers. p. 354-357.

Lemm JM. 2010. NAFHA - Citizen science for herpetology. Herp Nation Magazine 1(1): 36-41. [PDF]

Lemm JM. 2010. Lessons from Matty: a parents guide to fieldherping with kids. Herp Nation Magazine 1(3):36-41. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Alberts AC. 1997. Guided by nature: Conservation research and captive husbandry of the Cuban iguana. Reptiles 5(8):76-87.

Lemm JM, Alberts A C. 2000. Herps of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: a look at the snakes, lizards and amphibians of Cuba. Reptiles 8(4):10-25. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Alberts AC. 2012. Cyclura: Natural History, Husbandry, and Conservation of West Indian Rock Iguanas. San Diego, CA: Elsevier. 221 p.

Lemm JM, Bedford GS. 2004. Varanus spenceri. In: Pianka ER, King DR, eds. Varanoid lizards of the world. Bloomington (IN): Indiana University Press. p. 466-471.

Lemm JM, Edwards MS, Grant TD, Alberts AC. 2004. Comparison of growth and nutritional status of juvenile Komodo monitors (Varanus komodoensis) maintained on rodent or poultry-based diets. Zoo Biology 23:239-252. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Grant TD. 1997. A second chance for the Jamaican iguana. Zoonooz 70(5):14-19.

Lemm JM, Grant TD. 2003. Amphibians and reptiles: U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba [pamphlet]. San Diego: Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego. 2 p. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Jackson R. 2002. On a wing and a prayer: Part one. Reptiles 10(3):36-38; 40; 42-44; 46-47. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Jackson R. 2002. On a wing and a prayer: Part two. Reptiles 10(4):34-43. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Lung N, Ward AM. 2010. Husbandry manual for West Indian iguanas. Fort Worth, TX: International Iguana Foundation. 99 p. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Steward SW, Schmidt TF. 2005. Reproduction of the critically endangered Anegada Island iguana. International Zoo Yearbook 39:141-152. [PDF]

Lemm JM, Vincent M. 2001. Girawaa, Australia's lace goanna. Reptiles 9(11):26-28; 30-34. [PDF]

Lerche NW, Osborn KG, Marx PA, Prahalada S, Maul DH, Lowenstine LJ, Munn RJ, Bryant ML, Henrickson RV, Arthur LO, Gilden RV, Barker CS, Hunter E, Gardner MB. 1986. Inapparent carriers of Simian Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome type D retrovirus and disease transmission with saliva. JNCI 77(2):489-496. [PDF]

Lerche NW, Marx PA, Osborn KG, Maul DH, Lowenstine LJ, Bleviss ML, Moody P, Henrickson RV, Gardner MB. 1987. Natural history of endemic type D retrovirus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome in group-housed Rhesus monkeys. JNCI 79(4):847-854. [PDF]

Lermen D, Blomeke B, Browne R, Clarke A, Dyce PW, Fixemer T, Fuhr GR, Holt WV, Jewgenow K, Lloyd RE, Lotters S, Paulus M, Reid GM, Rapoport DH, Rawson D, Ringleb J, Ryder OA, Sporl G, Schmitt T, Veith M, Muller P. 2009. Cryobanking of viable biomaterials: implementation of new strategies for conservation purposes. Molecular Ecology 18(6):1030-1033. [PDF]

Lewin RA, Robinson PT . 1979. The greening of polar bears in zoos. Nature 278(5703):445-447. [PDF]

Lewis SH, Ryder C, Benirschke K. 1992. Omphalopagus twins in Chelonia mydas. Herpetological Review 23(3):69-70.

Ley RE, Hamady M, Lozupone C, Turnbaugh PJ, Ramey RR, Bircher JS, Schlegel ML, Tucker TA, Schrenzel MD, Knight R, Godron JI. 2008. Evolution of mammals and their gut microbes. Science 320:1647-1651. [PDF]

Li R, Fan W, Tian G, Zhu H, � Ryder OA, et al. 2010. The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome. Nature 463(7279):311-317. doi:10.1038/nature08696

Li J, Han K, Xing J, Kim H-S, Rogers J, Ryder OA, Disotell T, Yue B, Batzer MA. 2009. Phylogeny of the macaques (Cercopithecidae: Macaca) based on Alu elements. Gene 448(2):242-249.

Li R, Ryder OA, et al. 2010. The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome. Nature 463:311-317. doi:10.1038/nature08696 [PDF]

Li Y-C, Cheng YM, Hsieh LJ, Ryder OA, Yang F, Liao S-J, Hsiao K-M, Tsai F-J, Tsai C-H, Lin CC. 2005. Karyotypic evolution of a novel cervid satellite DNA family isolated by microdissection from the Indian muntjac Y-chromosome. Chromosoma 114(1): 28-38.

Lieberman A. 1980. Nesting of the basilisk lizard (Basiliscus basiliscus). Journal of Herpetology 14(1):103-105. [PDF]

Lieberman A. 1984. Breeding the red-winged laughing thrush Garrulax formosus at the San Diego Zoo. Avicultural Magazine 90:87-90. [PDF]

Lieberman A. 1988. Breeding activities at the San Diego Zoo California during 1987. Avicultural Magazine 94(3):154-159. [PDF]

Lieberman A. 1988. Chinese pheasant breeding program at the San Diego Zoo. In: AAZPA Annual Proceedings; 1988. p. 21-26. [PDF]

Lieberman A. 1991. The first experimental reintroduction of captive-reared Andean condors (Vultur gryphus) into Colombia South America. In: AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings. p. 129-136.

Lieberman A. 1991. North Island brown kiwi breeding programme at the San Diego Zoo. Avicultural Magazine 97(2):59-66. [PDF]

Lieberman A. 1992. Role of private aviculture in bird reintroduction. AFA Watchbird 18(6):8-11. [PDF]

Lieberman A. 1993. Andean condor in Venezuela. Re-Introduction News 6:11. View Full Text

[PDF]

Lieberman A. 2005. Captive propagation as a tool for the conservation and recovery of the hawaiian avifauna. Endangered Species Update 22(4):137-176. [PDF]

Lieberman A, Arnett D. 1987. Computerized animal inventories -- tools for improved collection management. In: AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings; 1987. p. 385-388. [PDF]

Lieberman A, Kuehler C. 2000. The Hawaii endangered bird conservation program. In: Proceedings of the AZA Conference; 2000 Sep 24-28; Orlando (FL): American Zoo and Aquarium Association. p. 45-48. [PDF]

Lieberman A, Kuehler C. 2005. Hope: A byword for conservation programs. Zoonooz 78:8-9. [PDF]

Lieberman AA, Kuehler CM. 2009. Captive propagation. In: Pratt TK, Atkinson CT, Banko PC, Jacobi JD, Woodworth BL, eds. Conservation biology of Hawaiian forest birds. New Haven (CT): Yale University Press. p. 448-469. [PDF]

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