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O

Oakenfull EA, Ryder OA. 1998. Mitochondrial control region and 12S rRNA variation in Przewalski's horse (Equus przewalskii). Animal Genetics 29:456-459. [PDF]

Oakenfull EA, Lim HN, Ryder OA. 2000. A survey of equid mitochondrial DNA: Implications for the evolution, genetic diversity and conservation of Equus. Conservation Genetics 1(4):341-355.

Oakenfull EA, Ryder OA. 2002. Genetics of equid species and subspecies. In: Moehlman PD, ed. Equids: zebras, asses and horses. IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group; Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. p. 108-112.

Oaks JL, Donahoe SL, Rurangirwa FR, Rideout BA, Gilbert M, Virani MZ. 2004. Identification of a novel mycoplasma species from an Oriental white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis). Journal of Clinical Microbiology 42(12):5909-5912. [PDF]

Oaks JL, Gilbert M, Virani MZ, Watson RT, Meteyer CU, Rideout BA, Shivaprasad BA, Ahmed S, Chaudhry MJI, Arshad M, Mahmood S, Ali A, Khan AA. 2004. Dicofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan. Nature 427:630-633.

Oaks JL, Schrenzel M, Rideout B, Sandfort C. 2005. Isolation and epidemiology of falcon adenovirus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(7):3414-3420. [PDF]

Obendorf DL, McColl KA. 1980. Mortality in little penguins (Eudyptula minor) along the coast of Victoria Australia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16:251-259. [PDF]

O'Brien SJ, Collier GE, Benveniste RE, Nash WG, Newman AK, Simonson JM, Eichelberger MA, Seal US, Janssen D, Bush M, Wildt DE. 1987. Setting the molecular clock in Felidae: the great cats, Panthera. In: Tilson RL, Seal US, eds. Tigers of the world. Park Ridge (NJ): Noyes. p. 10-27. [PDF]

O'Connell B, Greenlee R, Bacon J, Chiszar D. 1982. Strike-induced chemosensory searching in Old World vipers and New World pit vipers at San Diego Zoo. Zoo Biology 1: 287-294. [PDF]

O'Connor DA, Butt B, Foufopoulos JB. 2015. Foraging ecologies of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) and camels (Camelus dromedarius) in northern Kenya: effects of habitat structure and possibilities for competition? African Journal of Ecology, 1-11. doi:10.1111/aje.12204 [PDF]

O’Connor D, Crudge B, Davis E, Hunt M, Harris J, Browne-Nuñez C, Pesei K, Blint E. 2015. Understanding attitudes and usage of wild bear parts in Laos and Cambodia: A preliminary study using citizen scientists. Cambodian Journal of Natural History. 2015(1):67-68.

Ogden JJ (panel participant). 1994. Landscape immersion exhibits: how are they proving as educational settings?. In: AZA Annual Conference Proceedings; 1994; Bethesda (MD). p. 224-228.

Ogden JJ, Bruner G, Maple TL. 1992. A survey of the use of electric fencing with captive great apes. International Zoo Yearbook 31: 229-236.

Ogden JJ, Killmar K, Hawes J. 1997. Hand-rearing primates in zoos: the times they are a-changing. In: AZA Annual Conference Proceedings; 1997. p. 605.

Ogden JJ, Lindburg DG. 1991. Do you hear what I hear? The effect of auditory enrichment on zoo animals and visitors. In: AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings; 1991. p. 428-435.

Ogden JJ, Lindburg DG , Maple TL. 1993. The effects of ecologically-relevant sounds on the cognitive and affective behavior of zoo visitors. Curator 36(2):147-156.

Ogden JJ, Lindburg DG, Maple TL. 1993. Preference for structural environmental features in captive lowland gorillas, Gorilla gorilla gorilla. Zoo Biology 12(4):381-395.

Ogden JJ, Lindburg DG, Maple TL. 1994. A preliminary study of the effects of ecologically relevant sounds on the behavior of captive lowland gorillas. Applied Animal Behavior Science 39(2):163-176.

Ogden JJ, Olson TL, Miner V. 1991. Declines in sociosexual behavior in golden monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana): associated environment and social variables. Zoo Biology 10(6):491-498.

Ogden JJ, Perkins L, Sheeran L (editors). 1994. Proceedings of the international conference on orangutans: the neglected ape.

Ogden JJ, Rieches R. 1996. The Guyana biodiversity park: working together to realize a dream. In: AZA Annual Conference Proceedings; 1996. p. 217-220.

Olea-Polpelka F, Ferrie GM, Morris C, Pessier AP, Schad K, Stamper MA, Gagliardo G, Koutsos E, Valdes EV. 2014. Leaping forward in amphibian health and nutrition. Zoo Biology 33(6):586-591. doi:10.1002/zoo.21178

Olson AC Jr, Cosgrove GE. 1982. Pentastomida. In: Hurlbert SH, Villalobos-Figueroa A, eds. Aquatic biota of Mexico, Central America and the West Indies. San Diego: San Diego State University. p. 172-174. [PDF]

Olson AC Jr, Lewis MD, Hauser ML. 1983. Proper identification of Anisakine worms. American Journal of Medical Technology 49(2):111-114. [PDF]

Olson D, Wiese RJ. 2000. State of the North American African elephant population and projections for the future. Zoo Biology 19:311-320. [PDF]

Olson MA, Anderson A, Amodeo D, Durrant BS. 2000. Cryopreservation of canine oocytes from preantral follicles. Biology of Reproduction 62(Suppl 1):145.

Olson MA, Anderson AC, Amodeo D, Durrant BS. 2001. Resumption of meiosis in canine oocytes cultured with or without bovine serum albumin and gonadotropins. Theriogenology 55(1):489.

Olson MA, Durrant BS. 2001. Recovery and cryopreservation of germoplasm in rare and endangered species. In: Proceedings of the 15th annual meeting of the Society for Conservation Biology; 2001. p. 139-140.

Olson MA, Durrant BS, Russ KD. 2000. Short and long term storage of giant panda sperm. Journal of Andrology 21(Suppl):59.

Olson MA, Huang Y, Li D, Zhang H, Durrant BS. 2003. Comparison of storage techniques for giant panda sperm. Zoo Biology 22:335-345.

Olson MA, Russ KD, Sandler J, Durrant BS. 1999. Effect of media formulation on nuclear maturation of cultured dog oocytes. Biology of Reproduction 60(Suppl 1):185.

Olson MA, Yan H, Li D, Spindler R, Howard J, Zhang H, Durrant B. 2003. Assessment of motility, acrosomal integrity, and viability of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) sperm following short-term storage at 4°C. Zoo Biology 22:529-544.

Oosterhuis JE. 1979. Immobilization of nondomestic equidae at the San Diego Wild Animal Park (1975-1979). In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1979; Denver (CO). p. 118-119.

Oosterhuis JE. 1985. Use of colostrum in hand rearing of neonatal hoofstock [abstract]. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference; 1985 Oct; Phoenix (AZ). p. 136. [PDF]

Oosterhuis JE, Durrant BS. 1981. Embryo collection and transfer in Barbados sheep. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1981. p. 124.

Oosterhuis JE, Janssen DL. 1984. New drugs for immobilization of non-domestic hoofstock. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1984. p. 56.

Oosterhuis JE, Nelson LX. 1981. Management of a tibial fracture in an adult African bush elephant. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1981; Seattle (WA). p. 109.

Oosterhuis JE, Roocroft A. 1999. Significant dental disease in elephants. Verhandlungsbericht des Internationalen Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zoo- und Wildtiere 39:125-133.

Orlando L, Ginolhac A, Zhang G, Froese D, ... Ryder O, et al. 2013. Recalibrating Equus evolution using the genome sequence of an early Middle Pleistocene horse. Nature 499(7456):74-78. doi:10.1038/nature12323 [PDF]

Ormerod LD, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Meyer PR, Parker JW, Smith RE, Taylor CR. 1988. Lymphoid immunohistochemistry of macaque primates. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 74:435-442. [PDF]

Orosz SE, Chengappa MM, Oyster RA, Morris PJ, Trock S, Altekruse S. 1992. Salmonella enteritidis infection in two species of psittaciformes. Avian Diseases 36(3):766-769. [PDF]

Orosz SE, Ensley PK, Haynes CJ. 1992. Avian surgical anatomy: thoracic and pelvic limbs. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. 139 p.

Orosz SE, Ensley PK, Janssen D. 1984. Surgical anatomy of the pectoral and pelvic limbs of a condor-related species. In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1984. p. 157-158.

Orosz SE, Frazier DL, Schroeder EC, Cox SK, Schaeffer DO, Doss S, Morris PJ. 1996. Pharmacokinetic properties of itraconazole in blue-fronted Amazon parrots (Amazona aestiva aestiva). Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 10(3):168-173. [PDF]

Orosz SE, Morris PJ, Doody MC, Niemeyer GP, Lee JC, Eaton NL, Lothrop CD Jr. 1992. Stimulation of folliculogenesis in domestic cats with human FSH and LH. Theriogenology 37(5):993-1004.

Osborn KG. 1989. Animal death form report: important data for animal husbandry and preventive health programs. Animal Keepers' Forum 16:377-380. [PDF]

Osborn KG. 1990. Recent cases and outbreaks of viral disease in captive nonhuman primates. In: Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference; 1990. p. 176-177.

Osborn KG, Cornell LH, Antrim JE, Joseph BE. 1985. Disseminated coccidioidomycosis in a stranded California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Proceedings; 1985. p 98. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Kuehler C. 1989. Artificial incubation: basic techniques and potential problems. In: Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference; 1989. p. 76-77. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ. 1987. SAIDS: simian model. In: Meyer PR, Klatt EC, eds. Infectious and neoplastic complications of Aquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Oxford: Oxford University Press. np. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Lerche NW, Marx PA, Maul DH, Gardner MB. 1985. Lymphoid lesions and pathogenesis of experimental and natural Simian Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (SAIDS) in Rhesus monkeys. In: American College of Veterinary Pathology Infectious Disease Specialty Group Meeting. np. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Meyer PR, Marx PA, Ormerod LD, Gardner MB. 1985. Lymph node-based pathogenesis of experimental Simian Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome [abstract]. Laboratory Investigation 52:49A. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Prahalada S, Lowenstine LJ, Gardner MB, Haul DH, Henrickson RV. 1984. The pathology of an epizootic of Acquired Immunodeficiency in Rhesus macaques. American Journal of Primatology 114(1):94-103. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Prahalada S, Lowenstine LJ, Lerche NW, Maul D, Henrickson RV, Gardner MB. 1983. Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (SAIDS) in Rhesus monkeys. In: Proceedings of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists Annual Meeting; 1983. p. 117. [PDF]

Osborn KG, Williams TM. 1990. Postmortem examination of sea otters. In: Williams TM, Davis RW, eds. Sea otter rehabilitation program: 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. International Wildlife Research. p. 134-146. [PDF]

Oshima RG, Trevor K, Shevinsky LJ, Ryder OA, Ceceña G. 1988. Identification of the gene coding for the Endo B murine cytokeratin and its methylated stable inactive state in mouse nonepithelial cells. Genes and Development 2:505-516. [PDF]

Ostermann-Kelm SD, Rubin ES, Groom JD, DeForge JR, Wagner G, Sorensen P, Torres SG, Jorgensen MC, Byard AJ, Ryder OA. 2005. Flawed model has serious conservation implications: Response to Turner et al. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(4):1456-1464. [PDF]

Ott JE, Greenough PR, Robinson PT. 1980. Hoof repair in an okapi (Okapi johnstoni). In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference Proceedings; 1980; Washington, DC. p. 155-158. [PDF]

Ott JE, McDonald SE, Robinson PT, Wright FH. 1982. Ulcerative stomatitis in a black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). In: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Conference Proceedings; 1982. p. 68-73. [PDF]

Owen MA. 2008. On thin ice: polar bears and climate change. ZooNooz 81(4):8-9.

Owen MA. 2010. Polar bears denning: do not disturb. Conservation Update 2010(Winter).

Owen, MA, Bowles AE. 2011. In-air auditory psychophysics and the management of a threatened carnivore, the polar bear (Ursus maritimus). International Journal of Comparative Psychology 24:244-254. [PDF]

Owen MA, Hall S, Bryant L, Swaisgood RR. 2014. The influence of ambient noise on maternal behavior in a Bornean sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus). Zoo Biology 33(1):49-53. doi:10.1002/zoo.21105. [PDF]

Owen MA, Hall S, Bryant L, Swaisgood RR. 2013. The influence of ambient noise on maternal behavior in a Bornean sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus). Zoo Biology. doi:10.1002/zoo.21105. [PDF]

Owen MA, Hawk K. 2010. Welcome to the world, Yun Zi. ZooNooz 83(1):8-11.

Owen MA, Simerson J. 2007. Can you hear me now? Polar bears and sensitivity to noise pollution. CRES Report 2007(Winter).

Owen MA, Swaisgood RR. 2008. On thin ice: climate change and the future of polar bears. Biodiversity 9(3/4):123-129. [PDF]

Owen MA, Swaisgood RR. 2010. Partnerships in polar bear conservation research [webpage]. Retrieved from Association of Zoos and Aquariums website. [PDF]

Owen MA, Swaisgood RR, Czekala NM, Lindburg DL. 2005. Enclosure choice and well-being in giant pandas: is it all about control? Zoo Biology 24:475-481. [PDF]

Owen MA, Swaisgood RR, Czekala NM, Steinman K, Lindburg DL. 2004. Monitoring stress in captive giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca): behavioral and hormonal responses to ambient noise. Zoo Biology 23:147-164. [PDF]

Owen MA, Swaisgood RR, McGeehan L, Zhou X, Lindburg DG. 2013. Dynamics of male-female multimodal signaling behavior across the estrous cycle in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Ethology 119(10):869-880. doi:10.1111/eth.12128 [PDF]

Owen MA, Swaisgood RR, Slocomb C, Amstrup SC, Durner GM, Simac K, Pessier AP. 2014. An experimental investigation of chemical communication in the polar bear. Journal of Zoology, London. doi:10.1111/jzo.12181

Owen, MA, Swaisgood, RR, and Spady, TJ. Can polar bears discriminate between sex and estrus status from olfactory cues? Zoo Biology. [PDF] Owens DW, Hendrickson JR, Lance V, Callard IP. 1978. A technique for determining sex of immature Chelonia mydas using a radioimmunoassay. Herpetologica 34(3):270-273. [PDF]

Owens TC. 2003. Sleepy giants. Zoonooz 76(10):8-13. [PDF]

Owens TC. 2005. Fire ecology of a Southern California rattlesnake: a case of survival [abstract]. In: Biology of the Rattlesnakes Symposium; 2005 Jan 15-18; Loma Linda University. p. 41. [PDF]

Owens TC. 2006. Ex-Situ: Notes on reproduction and captive husbandry of the Guatemalan beaded lizard (Heloderma horridum charlesbogerti). Iguana 13(3):212-215. [PDF]

Owens TC, Bicknese B. 2005. Chelonian quarantine: protocols including essential medical screening. Turtle Survival Alliance Conference; 2005; San Diego (CA).

Owens TC, Downer B. 2005. Captive reproduction and husbandry of many Chelonian species at SDZ including: Roti Island snake-necked turtle (Chelodina mccordi), vermiculated snake-necked turtle (Chelodina parkeri), Chinese thread-necked turtle (Ocadia sinensis), Burmese brown tortoise (Manouria e. emys), spider tortoise (Pyxis arachnoides), and flat-tailed tortoise (Pyxis planicauda). Turtle Survival Alliance Conference; 2005; San Diego (CA).

Owens TC, Lock B. 2006. Endangered relic: an introduction to one of the most endangered lizards in the world, the Guatemalan beaded lizard (Heloderma h. charlesbogerti). Reptiles 14(10):58-65. [PDF]

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