San Diego Zoo Global Library San Diego Zoo Global Library

Find a publication

Browse A-Z database ➜

Articles are listed alphabetically by first author's last name

Search by keyword

From search results, follow link to open desired database index page. Then use page-search function to locate keyword on that page (ctrl-f on PC, command-f on Mac).


PDFs are available for download on SDZG networked computers.

Contact us for offsite access (staff only, please).


Trouble finding or downloading an article? Contact us for help (staff only, please).

Know of a staff publication not in the database? Please send us the citation. We appreciate your help!

Staff Publications A-Z Index

A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · I · J · K · L · M · N · O · P · QR · S · T · UV · W · XYZ


Xing J, Wang H, Han K, Ray DA< Huang CH, Chemnick LG, Stewart C-B, Disotell TR, Ryder OA, Batzer MA. 2005. A mobile element based phylogeny of Old World monkeys. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37:872-880. [PDF]

Xu G, Elsey RM, Lance VA, Javors B, Chen TS, Salen G, Tint GS. 1997. A study on biliary ductal system and bile fistula in the American alligator, Alligator mississippiensis. Journal of Experimental Zoology 279(6):554-561.

Yamada J, Durrant BS. 1987. Vaginal cytology and behavior in the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa). In: AAZPA Proceedings; 1987.

Yamada J, Durrant BS. 1989. Reproductive parameters of clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa). Zoo Biology 8:223-231. [PDF]

Yamada JK, Thompson VD, Durrant BS. 1988. Behavior and physiology of reproduction in the female Queensland koala (Phascolarctos cinereus adustus). In: AAZPA Proceedings; 1988.

Yamashita N, Tan CL, Vinyard CJ, Williams C. 2010. Semi-quantitative tests of cyanide in foods and excreta of three Hapalemur species in Madagascar. American Journal of Primatology 72:56-61. [PDF]

Yamashita N, Vinyard CJ, Tan CL. 2009. Food mechanical properties in the three sympatric species of Hapalemur in Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139:368-381. [PDF]

Yang F, Fu B, O'Brien PC, Nie W, Ryder OA, Ferguson-Smith MA. 2004 Refined genome-wide comparative map of the domestic horse, donkey and human, based on a cross-species chromosome painting: insight into the occasional fertility of mules. Chromosome Research 12(1):65-76. [PDF]

Yang F, Fu B, O'Brien PC, Robinson TJ, Ryder OA, Ferguson-Smith MA. 2003. Karyotypic relationships of horses and zebras: results of cross-species chromosome painting. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 102(1-4):235-243.

Yang TP, Hansen SK, Oishi KK, Ryder OA, Hamkalo BA. 1982. Characterization of a cloned repetitive DNA sequence concentrated on the human X chromosome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 79:6593-6597. [PDF]

Young L, Bicknese E, Janssen D, Morris P, Sutherland-Smith M. 2000. Subcutaneous cysticercosis in a red ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata). In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of American Association of Zoo Veterinarians; 2000. p. 251-252.

Yu L, Li QW, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships within mammalian order Carnivora indicated by sequences of two nuclear DNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33(3):694-705.

Yu L, Li QW, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2004. Phylogeny of the bears (Ursidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32:480-494. [PDF]

Yu L, Li Y-W, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2007. Analysis of complete mitochondrial genome sequences increases phylogenetic resolution of bears (Ursidae) , a mammalian family that experienced rapid speciation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7:198-208. [PDF]

Yu L, Luan P-T, Jin W, Ryder OA, Chemnick LG, Davis HA, Zhang Y-P. 2011. Phylogenetic utility of nuclear introns in interfamilial relationships of Caniformia (Order Carnivora). Systematic Biology. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 21252386. [PDF]

Yu L, Peng D, Liu J, Luan P, Liang L, Lee H, Lee M, Ryder OA, Zhang Y. 2011. On the phylogeny of Mustelidae subfamilies: analysis of seventeen nuclear non-coding loci and mitchondrial complete genomes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11(1):92. [PDF]

Yu N, Jensen-Seaman MI, Chemnick L, Kidd JR, Deinard AS, Ryder OA, Kidd KK, Li W-H. 2003. Low nucleotide diversity in chimpanzees and bonobos. Genetics 164:1511-1518. [PDF]

Yu N, Jensen-Seaman MI, Chemnick L, Ryder OA, Li W-H. 2004. Nucleotide diversity in gorillas. Genetics 166:1375-1383. [PDF]

Zabka TS, Papendick RP, Benirschke K. 2006. Placental tumor from an East African bongo (Eurycerus isaaci) fetus. Veterinary Pathology 43(5):785-789. [PDF]

Zacariotti R, Durrant B. 2006. Baby rattles: reproductive studies of free-ranging snakes at the Wild Animal Park. Zoonooz 79:8-9.

Zhang GQ, Swaisgood RR, Wei RP, Zhang HM, Han HY, Li DS, Wu LF, White AM, Lindburg DG. 2000. A method for encouraging maternal care in the giant panda. Zoo Biology 19:53-63. [PDF]

Zhang GQ, Swaisgood RR, Zhang H. 2004. Evaluation of behavioral factors influencing reproductive success and failure in captive giant pandas. Zoo Biology 23:15-31. [PDF]

Zhang P, McGinnis MJ, Sawai S, Benirschke K. 2000. Diploid/triploid mosaic placenta with fetus: towards a better understanding of 'partial moles'. Early Human Development 60(1):1-11.

Zhang P, Watanabe K, Li BG, Tan CL. 2006. Social organization of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) in the Qinling Mountains, central China. Primates 47(4):374-382. [PDF]

Zhang Y, Lawrance SK, Ryder OA, Zhang YP, Isaza R. 2000. Identification of monozygous twin chimpanzees by microsatellite analysis. American Journal of Primatology 52(2):101-106. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1993. Mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in the Arctoidea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 90:9557-9561. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships of bears (the Ursidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3(4):351-359. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1995. Different rates of mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in Kirk's dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii) populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4(3):291-297. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution and conservation relevance of snub-nosed langurs. Chinese Journal of Genetics 24(2):7-14.

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1997. A molecular phylogeny of the superfamily Arctoidea. Chinese Journal of Genetics 24(1):15-22. View PF

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1998. Mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences of langurs: evolutionary inference and conservation relevance. In: Jablonski NG, ed. The natural history of the doucs and snub-nosed monkeys. River Edge (NJ): World Scientific. p. 65-76.

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1998. Mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences of Old World monkeys: with special reference on evolution of Asian colobines. Primates 39(1):39-49. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 1999. Primate evolution — in and out of Africa. Current Biology 9(4):R119-R120. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Ryder OA. 2004. Genetic studies of giant pandas in captivity and in the wild. In: Lindburg DG, Baragona K, eds. Giant pandas: biology and conservation. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press. p. 88-89.

Zhang YP, Ryder OA, Fan Z, Zhang H, He T, He G, Zhang A, Fei L, Zhong S, Chen H. 1997. Sequence variation and genetic diversity in the giant panda. Science in China Series C 40(2):210-216.

Zhang YP, Ryder OA, Zhao QG, Fan ZY, He GX, Zhang AJ, Zhang HM, He TM, Yucun C. 1994. Non-invasive giant panda paternity exclusion. Zoo Biology 13:569-573. [PDF]

Zhang YP, Wang W, Su, B, Ryder OA, Fang Z-Y, Zhang H-M. 1995. Microsatellite DNAs and kinship identification of giant panda. Zoological Research 16(4):1-6.

Zhang YP, Wang XX, Ryder OA, Li HP, Zhang HM, Yong Y, Wang PY. 2002. Genetic diversity and conservation of endangered animal species. Pure and Applied Chemistry 74(4):575-584.[PDF]

Zhang YW, Luo HR, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2004. Evolution of the tandem repeats in thymidylate synthase enhancer region (TSER) in primates. Gene 338(1):47-54.

Zhang YW, Morin PA, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2001. A set of human tri- and tetra-nucleotide microsatellite loci useful for population analyses in gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus). Conservation Genetics 2(4):391-395. [PDF]

Zhang YW, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 1999. Sequence evolution of the CCR5 chemokine receptor gene in primates. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16(9):1145-1154. [PDF]

Zhang YW, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2001. Genetic divergence of orangutan subspecies (Pongo pygmaeus). Journal of Molecular Evolution 52(6):516-526.

Zhang YW, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2003. Intra- and interspecific variation of the CCR5 gene in higher primates. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20(10):1722-1729. [PDF]

Zhang YW, Zhang H, Zhang G, Ryder OA, Zhang YP. 2004. Using DNA from panda fecal matter to study wild-living populations. In: Lindburg DG, Baragona K, eds. Giant pandas: biology and conservation. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press. p. 155-158.

Zhang Z, Sheppard JK, Swaisgood RR, Wang G, Nie Y, Wei W, Zhao N, Wei F. 2014. Ecological scale and seasonal heterogeneity in the spatial behaviors of giant pandas. Integrative Zoology, 9: 46-60. doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12030 [PDF]

Zhang Z, Swaisgood RR, Wu H, Li M, Yong Y, Hu J, Wei F. 2007. Factors predicting den use by maternal giant pandas. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(8):2694-2698. [PDF]

Zhang Z, Swaisgood RR, Zhang S, Nordstrom LA, Wang H, et al. 2011. Old-growth forest is what giant pandas really need. Biology Letters 7(3):403-406. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.1081

Zhao Q, Tan CL. 2010. Inter-unit contests within a provisioned troop of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) in the Qinling Mountains, China. American Journal of Primatology 71:1-8. [PDF]

Zhao Q, Tan CL, Pan W. 2008. Weaning age, infant care, and behavioral development in Trachypithecus leucocephalus. International Journal of Primatology 29(3):583-591. [PDF]

Zhou XP, Tan YC, Song SX, Wang PY, Zhang HM, Swaisgood RR. 2005. Comparative study on the behavior and ecology between captivity and semi-nature enclosure for giant pandas. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 24.

Zhou XP, Wang P, Zhang HM, Wei RP, Zhang GQ, Li DS, Huang Y, Swaisgood RR. 2004. Captive giant panda behavior research and methods. Chengdu, China: Sichuan Science and Technology Publishing House.

Zhu X, Lindburg DG, Pan W, Forney KA, Wang D. 2001. The reproductive strategy of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca): infant growth and development and mother-infant relationships. Journal of Zoology 253:141-155. [PDF]

Ziegler TE, Carlson AA, Ginther AJ, Snowdon CT. 2000. Gonadal source of testosterone metabolites in urine of male cotton-top tamarin monkeys (Saguinus oedipus). General and Comparative Endocrinology 118:332-343. [PDF]

Ziegler TE, Wegner FH, Carlson AA, Lazaro-Perea C, Snowdon CT. 2000. Prolactin levels during the periparturitional period in the biparental cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus): interactions with gender androgen levels and parenting. Hormones and Behavior 38:111-122. [PDF]

Zneimer S, Kumamoto AT, Benirschke K. 1979. Banding patterns of the chromosomes of two langur species, Pygathriz nemaeus and Presbytis entellus: a comparative study. Chromosome Information Service 26:19-22. [PDF]

Zuba JR, Grobler D, van Altena JJ, Hendrickson D, Stetter M. 2008. Anesthesia for laparoscopic vasectomy in free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana). In: Small Animal Proceedings, American College of Veterinary Surgeons, 2008. [PDF]

Zuba JR, Grobler D, van Altena JJ, Small L, Hendrickson DA, Stetter M. 2009. Anesthesia of free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) during laparoscopic vasectomy. In: Proceedings of AAZV/AAWV Joint Conference, 2009. p. 100. [PDF]

Zuba JR, Janssen DL. 1989. Development of an ornithosis quarantine control program in columbiformes at the San Diego Zoo. In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians; 1989. p. 91-92.

Zuba JR, Osborn KG. 1990. Clinical challenge: case 3. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 21(2):245-246. [PDF]

Return to Top